MagickCore  7.0.3
morphology.c
Go to the documentation of this file.
1 /*
2 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
3 % %
4 % %
5 % %
6 % M M OOO RRRR PPPP H H OOO L OOO GGGG Y Y %
7 % MM MM O O R R P P H H O O L O O G Y Y %
8 % M M M O O RRRR PPPP HHHHH O O L O O G GGG Y %
9 % M M O O R R P H H O O L O O G G Y %
10 % M M OOO R R P H H OOO LLLLL OOO GGG Y %
11 % %
12 % %
13 % MagickCore Morphology Methods %
14 % %
15 % Software Design %
16 % Anthony Thyssen %
17 % January 2010 %
18 % %
19 % %
20 % Copyright 1999-2019 ImageMagick Studio LLC, a non-profit organization %
21 % dedicated to making software imaging solutions freely available. %
22 % %
23 % You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may %
24 % obtain a copy of the License at %
25 % %
26 % https://imagemagick.org/script/license.php %
27 % %
28 % Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software %
29 % distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, %
30 % WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. %
31 % See the License for the specific language governing permissions and %
32 % limitations under the License. %
33 % %
34 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
35 %
36 % Morphology is the application of various kernels, of any size or shape, to an
37 % image in various ways (typically binary, but not always).
38 %
39 % Convolution (weighted sum or average) is just one specific type of
40 % morphology. Just one that is very common for image bluring and sharpening
41 % effects. Not only 2D Gaussian blurring, but also 2-pass 1D Blurring.
42 %
43 % This module provides not only a general morphology function, and the ability
44 % to apply more advanced or iterative morphologies, but also functions for the
45 % generation of many different types of kernel arrays from user supplied
46 % arguments. Prehaps even the generation of a kernel from a small image.
47 */
48 
49 /*
50  Include declarations.
51 */
52 #include "MagickCore/studio.h"
53 #include "MagickCore/artifact.h"
54 #include "MagickCore/cache-view.h"
55 #include "MagickCore/channel.h"
57 #include "MagickCore/enhance.h"
58 #include "MagickCore/exception.h"
60 #include "MagickCore/gem.h"
61 #include "MagickCore/gem-private.h"
62 #include "MagickCore/image.h"
64 #include "MagickCore/linked-list.h"
65 #include "MagickCore/list.h"
66 #include "MagickCore/magick.h"
67 #include "MagickCore/memory_.h"
70 #include "MagickCore/morphology.h"
72 #include "MagickCore/option.h"
75 #include "MagickCore/prepress.h"
76 #include "MagickCore/quantize.h"
77 #include "MagickCore/resource_.h"
78 #include "MagickCore/registry.h"
79 #include "MagickCore/semaphore.h"
80 #include "MagickCore/splay-tree.h"
81 #include "MagickCore/statistic.h"
82 #include "MagickCore/string_.h"
85 #include "MagickCore/token.h"
86 #include "MagickCore/utility.h"
88 
89 /*
90  Other global definitions used by module.
91 */
92 #define Minimize(assign,value) assign=MagickMin(assign,value)
93 #define Maximize(assign,value) assign=MagickMax(assign,value)
94 
95 /* Integer Factorial Function - for a Binomial kernel */
96 #if 1
97 static inline size_t fact(size_t n)
98 {
99  size_t f,l;
100  for(f=1, l=2; l <= n; f=f*l, l++);
101  return(f);
102 }
103 #elif 1 /* glibc floating point alternatives */
104 #define fact(n) ((size_t)tgamma((double)n+1))
105 #else
106 #define fact(n) ((size_t)lgamma((double)n+1))
107 #endif
108 
109 
110 /* Currently these are only internal to this module */
111 static void
114  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *, const double),
115  RotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *, double);
116 
117 
118 /* Quick function to find last kernel in a kernel list */
119 static inline KernelInfo *LastKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel)
120 {
121  while (kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
122  kernel=kernel->next;
123  return(kernel);
124 }
125 
126 /*
127 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
128 % %
129 % %
130 % %
131 % A c q u i r e K e r n e l I n f o %
132 % %
133 % %
134 % %
135 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
136 %
137 % AcquireKernelInfo() takes the given string (generally supplied by the
138 % user) and converts it into a Morphology/Convolution Kernel. This allows
139 % users to specify a kernel from a number of pre-defined kernels, or to fully
140 % specify their own kernel for a specific Convolution or Morphology
141 % Operation.
142 %
143 % The kernel so generated can be any rectangular array of floating point
144 % values (doubles) with the 'control point' or 'pixel being affected'
145 % anywhere within that array of values.
146 %
147 % Previously IM was restricted to a square of odd size using the exact
148 % center as origin, this is no longer the case, and any rectangular kernel
149 % with any value being declared the origin. This in turn allows the use of
150 % highly asymmetrical kernels.
151 %
152 % The floating point values in the kernel can also include a special value
153 % known as 'nan' or 'not a number' to indicate that this value is not part
154 % of the kernel array. This allows you to shaped the kernel within its
155 % rectangular area. That is 'nan' values provide a 'mask' for the kernel
156 % shape. However at least one non-nan value must be provided for correct
157 % working of a kernel.
158 %
159 % The returned kernel should be freed using the DestroyKernelInfo() when you
160 % are finished with it. Do not free this memory yourself.
161 %
162 % Input kernel defintion strings can consist of any of three types.
163 %
164 % "name:args[[@><]"
165 % Select from one of the built in kernels, using the name and
166 % geometry arguments supplied. See AcquireKernelBuiltIn()
167 %
168 % "WxH[+X+Y][@><]:num, num, num ..."
169 % a kernel of size W by H, with W*H floating point numbers following.
170 % the 'center' can be optionally be defined at +X+Y (such that +0+0
171 % is top left corner). If not defined the pixel in the center, for
172 % odd sizes, or to the immediate top or left of center for even sizes
173 % is automatically selected.
174 %
175 % "num, num, num, num, ..."
176 % list of floating point numbers defining an 'old style' odd sized
177 % square kernel. At least 9 values should be provided for a 3x3
178 % square kernel, 25 for a 5x5 square kernel, 49 for 7x7, etc.
179 % Values can be space or comma separated. This is not recommended.
180 %
181 % You can define a 'list of kernels' which can be used by some morphology
182 % operators A list is defined as a semi-colon separated list kernels.
183 %
184 % " kernel ; kernel ; kernel ; "
185 %
186 % Any extra ';' characters, at start, end or between kernel defintions are
187 % simply ignored.
188 %
189 % The special flags will expand a single kernel, into a list of rotated
190 % kernels. A '@' flag will expand a 3x3 kernel into a list of 45-degree
191 % cyclic rotations, while a '>' will generate a list of 90-degree rotations.
192 % The '<' also exands using 90-degree rotates, but giving a 180-degree
193 % reflected kernel before the +/- 90-degree rotations, which can be important
194 % for Thinning operations.
195 %
196 % Note that 'name' kernels will start with an alphabetic character while the
197 % new kernel specification has a ':' character in its specification string.
198 % If neither is the case, it is assumed an old style of a simple list of
199 % numbers generating a odd-sized square kernel has been given.
200 %
201 % The format of the AcquireKernal method is:
202 %
203 % KernelInfo *AcquireKernelInfo(const char *kernel_string)
204 %
205 % A description of each parameter follows:
206 %
207 % o kernel_string: the Morphology/Convolution kernel wanted.
208 %
209 */
210 
211 /* This was separated so that it could be used as a separate
212 ** array input handling function, such as for -color-matrix
213 */
214 static KernelInfo *ParseKernelArray(const char *kernel_string)
215 {
216  KernelInfo
217  *kernel;
218 
219  char
220  token[MagickPathExtent];
221 
222  const char
223  *p,
224  *end;
225 
226  register ssize_t
227  i;
228 
229  double
230  nan = sqrt((double)-1.0); /* Special Value : Not A Number */
231 
233  flags;
234 
236  args;
237 
238  kernel=(KernelInfo *) AcquireQuantumMemory(1,sizeof(*kernel));
239  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
240  return(kernel);
241  (void) memset(kernel,0,sizeof(*kernel));
242  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = kernel->angle = 0.0;
243  kernel->negative_range = kernel->positive_range = 0.0;
244  kernel->type = UserDefinedKernel;
245  kernel->next = (KernelInfo *) NULL;
247  if (kernel_string == (const char *) NULL)
248  return(kernel);
249 
250  /* find end of this specific kernel definition string */
251  end = strchr(kernel_string, ';');
252  if ( end == (char *) NULL )
253  end = strchr(kernel_string, '\0');
254 
255  /* clear flags - for Expanding kernel lists thorugh rotations */
256  flags = NoValue;
257 
258  /* Has a ':' in argument - New user kernel specification
259  FUTURE: this split on ':' could be done by StringToken()
260  */
261  p = strchr(kernel_string, ':');
262  if ( p != (char *) NULL && p < end)
263  {
264  /* ParseGeometry() needs the geometry separated! -- Arrgghh */
265  memcpy(token, kernel_string, (size_t) (p-kernel_string));
266  token[p-kernel_string] = '\0';
267  SetGeometryInfo(&args);
268  flags = ParseGeometry(token, &args);
269 
270  /* Size handling and checks of geometry settings */
271  if ( (flags & WidthValue) == 0 ) /* if no width then */
272  args.rho = args.sigma; /* then width = height */
273  if ( args.rho < 1.0 ) /* if width too small */
274  args.rho = 1.0; /* then width = 1 */
275  if ( args.sigma < 1.0 ) /* if height too small */
276  args.sigma = args.rho; /* then height = width */
277  kernel->width = (size_t)args.rho;
278  kernel->height = (size_t)args.sigma;
279 
280  /* Offset Handling and Checks */
281  if ( args.xi < 0.0 || args.psi < 0.0 )
282  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
283  kernel->x = ((flags & XValue)!=0) ? (ssize_t)args.xi
284  : (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
285  kernel->y = ((flags & YValue)!=0) ? (ssize_t)args.psi
286  : (ssize_t) (kernel->height-1)/2;
287  if ( kernel->x >= (ssize_t) kernel->width ||
288  kernel->y >= (ssize_t) kernel->height )
289  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
290 
291  p++; /* advance beyond the ':' */
292  }
293  else
294  { /* ELSE - Old old specification, forming odd-square kernel */
295  /* count up number of values given */
296  p=(const char *) kernel_string;
297  while ((isspace((int) ((unsigned char) *p)) != 0) || (*p == '\''))
298  p++; /* ignore "'" chars for convolve filter usage - Cristy */
299  for (i=0; p < end; i++)
300  {
301  GetNextToken(p,&p,MagickPathExtent,token);
302  if (*token == ',')
303  GetNextToken(p,&p,MagickPathExtent,token);
304  }
305  /* set the size of the kernel - old sized square */
306  kernel->width = kernel->height= (size_t) sqrt((double) i+1.0);
307  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
308  p=(const char *) kernel_string;
309  while ((isspace((int) ((unsigned char) *p)) != 0) || (*p == '\''))
310  p++; /* ignore "'" chars for convolve filter usage - Cristy */
311  }
312 
313  /* Read in the kernel values from rest of input string argument */
315  kernel->width,kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values)));
316  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
317  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
318  kernel->minimum=MagickMaximumValue;
319  kernel->maximum=(-MagickMaximumValue);
320  kernel->negative_range = kernel->positive_range = 0.0;
321  for (i=0; (i < (ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height)) && (p < end); i++)
322  {
323  GetNextToken(p,&p,MagickPathExtent,token);
324  if (*token == ',')
325  GetNextToken(p,&p,MagickPathExtent,token);
326  if ( LocaleCompare("nan",token) == 0
327  || LocaleCompare("-",token) == 0 ) {
328  kernel->values[i] = nan; /* this value is not part of neighbourhood */
329  }
330  else {
331  kernel->values[i] = StringToDouble(token,(char **) NULL);
332  ( kernel->values[i] < 0)
333  ? ( kernel->negative_range += kernel->values[i] )
334  : ( kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] );
335  Minimize(kernel->minimum, kernel->values[i]);
336  Maximize(kernel->maximum, kernel->values[i]);
337  }
338  }
339 
340  /* sanity check -- no more values in kernel definition */
341  GetNextToken(p,&p,MagickPathExtent,token);
342  if ( *token != '\0' && *token != ';' && *token != '\'' )
343  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
344 
345 #if 0
346  /* this was the old method of handling a incomplete kernel */
347  if ( i < (ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height) ) {
348  Minimize(kernel->minimum, kernel->values[i]);
349  Maximize(kernel->maximum, kernel->values[i]);
350  for ( ; i < (ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height); i++)
351  kernel->values[i]=0.0;
352  }
353 #else
354  /* Number of values for kernel was not enough - Report Error */
355  if ( i < (ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height) )
356  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
357 #endif
358 
359  /* check that we recieved at least one real (non-nan) value! */
360  if (kernel->minimum == MagickMaximumValue)
361  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
362 
363  if ( (flags & AreaValue) != 0 ) /* '@' symbol in kernel size */
364  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 45.0); /* cyclic rotate 3x3 kernels */
365  else if ( (flags & GreaterValue) != 0 ) /* '>' symbol in kernel args */
366  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0); /* 90 degree rotate of kernel */
367  else if ( (flags & LessValue) != 0 ) /* '<' symbol in kernel args */
368  ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(kernel); /* 90 degree mirror rotate */
369 
370  return(kernel);
371 }
372 
373 static KernelInfo *ParseKernelName(const char *kernel_string,
374  ExceptionInfo *exception)
375 {
376  char
377  token[MagickPathExtent];
378 
379  const char
380  *p,
381  *end;
382 
384  args;
385 
386  KernelInfo
387  *kernel;
388 
390  flags;
391 
392  ssize_t
393  type;
394 
395  /* Parse special 'named' kernel */
396  GetNextToken(kernel_string,&p,MagickPathExtent,token);
398  if ( type < 0 || type == UserDefinedKernel )
399  return((KernelInfo *) NULL); /* not a valid named kernel */
400 
401  while (((isspace((int) ((unsigned char) *p)) != 0) ||
402  (*p == ',') || (*p == ':' )) && (*p != '\0') && (*p != ';'))
403  p++;
404 
405  end = strchr(p, ';'); /* end of this kernel defintion */
406  if ( end == (char *) NULL )
407  end = strchr(p, '\0');
408 
409  /* ParseGeometry() needs the geometry separated! -- Arrgghh */
410  memcpy(token, p, (size_t) (end-p));
411  token[end-p] = '\0';
412  SetGeometryInfo(&args);
413  flags = ParseGeometry(token, &args);
414 
415 #if 0
416  /* For Debugging Geometry Input */
417  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "Geometry = 0x%04X : %lg x %lg %+lg %+lg\n",
418  flags, args.rho, args.sigma, args.xi, args.psi );
419 #endif
420 
421  /* special handling of missing values in input string */
422  switch( type ) {
423  /* Shape Kernel Defaults */
424  case UnityKernel:
425  if ( (flags & WidthValue) == 0 )
426  args.rho = 1.0; /* Default scale = 1.0, zero is valid */
427  break;
428  case SquareKernel:
429  case DiamondKernel:
430  case OctagonKernel:
431  case DiskKernel:
432  case PlusKernel:
433  case CrossKernel:
434  if ( (flags & HeightValue) == 0 )
435  args.sigma = 1.0; /* Default scale = 1.0, zero is valid */
436  break;
437  case RingKernel:
438  if ( (flags & XValue) == 0 )
439  args.xi = 1.0; /* Default scale = 1.0, zero is valid */
440  break;
441  case RectangleKernel: /* Rectangle - set size defaults */
442  if ( (flags & WidthValue) == 0 ) /* if no width then */
443  args.rho = args.sigma; /* then width = height */
444  if ( args.rho < 1.0 ) /* if width too small */
445  args.rho = 3; /* then width = 3 */
446  if ( args.sigma < 1.0 ) /* if height too small */
447  args.sigma = args.rho; /* then height = width */
448  if ( (flags & XValue) == 0 ) /* center offset if not defined */
449  args.xi = (double)(((ssize_t)args.rho-1)/2);
450  if ( (flags & YValue) == 0 )
451  args.psi = (double)(((ssize_t)args.sigma-1)/2);
452  break;
453  /* Distance Kernel Defaults */
454  case ChebyshevKernel:
455  case ManhattanKernel:
456  case OctagonalKernel:
457  case EuclideanKernel:
458  if ( (flags & HeightValue) == 0 ) /* no distance scale */
459  args.sigma = 100.0; /* default distance scaling */
460  else if ( (flags & AspectValue ) != 0 ) /* '!' flag */
461  args.sigma = QuantumRange/(args.sigma+1); /* maximum pixel distance */
462  else if ( (flags & PercentValue ) != 0 ) /* '%' flag */
463  args.sigma *= QuantumRange/100.0; /* percentage of color range */
464  break;
465  default:
466  break;
467  }
468 
469  kernel = AcquireKernelBuiltIn((KernelInfoType)type, &args, exception);
470  if ( kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL )
471  return(kernel);
472 
473  /* global expand to rotated kernel list - only for single kernels */
474  if ( kernel->next == (KernelInfo *) NULL ) {
475  if ( (flags & AreaValue) != 0 ) /* '@' symbol in kernel args */
476  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 45.0);
477  else if ( (flags & GreaterValue) != 0 ) /* '>' symbol in kernel args */
478  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0);
479  else if ( (flags & LessValue) != 0 ) /* '<' symbol in kernel args */
480  ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(kernel);
481  }
482 
483  return(kernel);
484 }
485 
486 MagickExport KernelInfo *AcquireKernelInfo(const char *kernel_string,
487  ExceptionInfo *exception)
488 {
489  KernelInfo
490  *kernel,
491  *new_kernel;
492 
493  char
494  *kernel_cache,
495  token[MagickPathExtent];
496 
497  const char
498  *p;
499 
500  if (kernel_string == (const char *) NULL)
501  return(ParseKernelArray(kernel_string));
502  p=kernel_string;
503  kernel_cache=(char *) NULL;
504  if (*kernel_string == '@')
505  {
506  kernel_cache=FileToString(kernel_string+1,~0UL,exception);
507  if (kernel_cache == (char *) NULL)
508  return((KernelInfo *) NULL);
509  p=(const char *) kernel_cache;
510  }
511  kernel=NULL;
512  while (GetNextToken(p,(const char **) NULL,MagickPathExtent,token), *token != '\0')
513  {
514  /* ignore extra or multiple ';' kernel separators */
515  if (*token != ';')
516  {
517  /* tokens starting with alpha is a Named kernel */
518  if (isalpha((int) ((unsigned char) *token)) != 0)
519  new_kernel=ParseKernelName(p,exception);
520  else /* otherwise a user defined kernel array */
521  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray(p);
522 
523  /* Error handling -- this is not proper error handling! */
524  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
525  {
526  if (kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
527  kernel=DestroyKernelInfo(kernel);
528  return((KernelInfo *) NULL);
529  }
530 
531  /* initialise or append the kernel list */
532  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
533  kernel=new_kernel;
534  else
535  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next=new_kernel;
536  }
537 
538  /* look for the next kernel in list */
539  p=strchr(p,';');
540  if (p == (char *) NULL)
541  break;
542  p++;
543  }
544  if (kernel_cache != (char *) NULL)
545  kernel_cache=DestroyString(kernel_cache);
546  return(kernel);
547 }
548 
549 /*
550 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
551 % %
552 % %
553 % %
554 % A c q u i r e K e r n e l B u i l t I n %
555 % %
556 % %
557 % %
558 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
559 %
560 % AcquireKernelBuiltIn() returned one of the 'named' built-in types of
561 % kernels used for special purposes such as gaussian blurring, skeleton
562 % pruning, and edge distance determination.
563 %
564 % They take a KernelType, and a set of geometry style arguments, which were
565 % typically decoded from a user supplied string, or from a more complex
566 % Morphology Method that was requested.
567 %
568 % The format of the AcquireKernalBuiltIn method is:
569 %
570 % KernelInfo *AcquireKernelBuiltIn(const KernelInfoType type,
571 % const GeometryInfo args)
572 %
573 % A description of each parameter follows:
574 %
575 % o type: the pre-defined type of kernel wanted
576 %
577 % o args: arguments defining or modifying the kernel
578 %
579 % Convolution Kernels
580 %
581 % Unity
582 % The a No-Op or Scaling single element kernel.
583 %
584 % Gaussian:{radius},{sigma}
585 % Generate a two-dimensional gaussian kernel, as used by -gaussian.
586 % The sigma for the curve is required. The resulting kernel is
587 % normalized,
588 %
589 % If 'sigma' is zero, you get a single pixel on a field of zeros.
590 %
591 % NOTE: that the 'radius' is optional, but if provided can limit (clip)
592 % the final size of the resulting kernel to a square 2*radius+1 in size.
593 % The radius should be at least 2 times that of the sigma value, or
594 % sever clipping and aliasing may result. If not given or set to 0 the
595 % radius will be determined so as to produce the best minimal error
596 % result, which is usally much larger than is normally needed.
597 %
598 % LoG:{radius},{sigma}
599 % "Laplacian of a Gaussian" or "Mexician Hat" Kernel.
600 % The supposed ideal edge detection, zero-summing kernel.
601 %
602 % An alturnative to this kernel is to use a "DoG" with a sigma ratio of
603 % approx 1.6 (according to wikipedia).
604 %
605 % DoG:{radius},{sigma1},{sigma2}
606 % "Difference of Gaussians" Kernel.
607 % As "Gaussian" but with a gaussian produced by 'sigma2' subtracted
608 % from the gaussian produced by 'sigma1'. Typically sigma2 > sigma1.
609 % The result is a zero-summing kernel.
610 %
611 % Blur:{radius},{sigma}[,{angle}]
612 % Generates a 1 dimensional or linear gaussian blur, at the angle given
613 % (current restricted to orthogonal angles). If a 'radius' is given the
614 % kernel is clipped to a width of 2*radius+1. Kernel can be rotated
615 % by a 90 degree angle.
616 %
617 % If 'sigma' is zero, you get a single pixel on a field of zeros.
618 %
619 % Note that two convolutions with two "Blur" kernels perpendicular to
620 % each other, is equivalent to a far larger "Gaussian" kernel with the
621 % same sigma value, However it is much faster to apply. This is how the
622 % "-blur" operator actually works.
623 %
624 % Comet:{width},{sigma},{angle}
625 % Blur in one direction only, much like how a bright object leaves
626 % a comet like trail. The Kernel is actually half a gaussian curve,
627 % Adding two such blurs in opposite directions produces a Blur Kernel.
628 % Angle can be rotated in multiples of 90 degrees.
629 %
630 % Note that the first argument is the width of the kernel and not the
631 % radius of the kernel.
632 %
633 % Binomial:[{radius}]
634 % Generate a discrete kernel using a 2 dimentional Pascel's Triangle
635 % of values. Used for special forma of image filters.
636 %
637 % # Still to be implemented...
638 % #
639 % # Filter2D
640 % # Filter1D
641 % # Set kernel values using a resize filter, and given scale (sigma)
642 % # Cylindrical or Linear. Is this possible with an image?
643 % #
644 %
645 % Named Constant Convolution Kernels
646 %
647 % All these are unscaled, zero-summing kernels by default. As such for
648 % non-HDRI version of ImageMagick some form of normalization, user scaling,
649 % and biasing the results is recommended, to prevent the resulting image
650 % being 'clipped'.
651 %
652 % The 3x3 kernels (most of these) can be circularly rotated in multiples of
653 % 45 degrees to generate the 8 angled varients of each of the kernels.
654 %
655 % Laplacian:{type}
656 % Discrete Lapacian Kernels, (without normalization)
657 % Type 0 : 3x3 with center:8 surounded by -1 (8 neighbourhood)
658 % Type 1 : 3x3 with center:4 edge:-1 corner:0 (4 neighbourhood)
659 % Type 2 : 3x3 with center:4 edge:1 corner:-2
660 % Type 3 : 3x3 with center:4 edge:-2 corner:1
661 % Type 5 : 5x5 laplacian
662 % Type 7 : 7x7 laplacian
663 % Type 15 : 5x5 LoG (sigma approx 1.4)
664 % Type 19 : 9x9 LoG (sigma approx 1.4)
665 %
666 % Sobel:{angle}
667 % Sobel 'Edge' convolution kernel (3x3)
668 % | -1, 0, 1 |
669 % | -2, 0,-2 |
670 % | -1, 0, 1 |
671 %
672 % Roberts:{angle}
673 % Roberts convolution kernel (3x3)
674 % | 0, 0, 0 |
675 % | -1, 1, 0 |
676 % | 0, 0, 0 |
677 %
678 % Prewitt:{angle}
679 % Prewitt Edge convolution kernel (3x3)
680 % | -1, 0, 1 |
681 % | -1, 0, 1 |
682 % | -1, 0, 1 |
683 %
684 % Compass:{angle}
685 % Prewitt's "Compass" convolution kernel (3x3)
686 % | -1, 1, 1 |
687 % | -1,-2, 1 |
688 % | -1, 1, 1 |
689 %
690 % Kirsch:{angle}
691 % Kirsch's "Compass" convolution kernel (3x3)
692 % | -3,-3, 5 |
693 % | -3, 0, 5 |
694 % | -3,-3, 5 |
695 %
696 % FreiChen:{angle}
697 % Frei-Chen Edge Detector is based on a kernel that is similar to
698 % the Sobel Kernel, but is designed to be isotropic. That is it takes
699 % into account the distance of the diagonal in the kernel.
700 %
701 % | 1, 0, -1 |
702 % | sqrt(2), 0, -sqrt(2) |
703 % | 1, 0, -1 |
704 %
705 % FreiChen:{type},{angle}
706 %
707 % Frei-Chen Pre-weighted kernels...
708 %
709 % Type 0: default un-nomalized version shown above.
710 %
711 % Type 1: Orthogonal Kernel (same as type 11 below)
712 % | 1, 0, -1 |
713 % | sqrt(2), 0, -sqrt(2) | / 2*sqrt(2)
714 % | 1, 0, -1 |
715 %
716 % Type 2: Diagonal form of Kernel...
717 % | 1, sqrt(2), 0 |
718 % | sqrt(2), 0, -sqrt(2) | / 2*sqrt(2)
719 % | 0, -sqrt(2) -1 |
720 %
721 % However this kernel is als at the heart of the FreiChen Edge Detection
722 % Process which uses a set of 9 specially weighted kernel. These 9
723 % kernels not be normalized, but directly applied to the image. The
724 % results is then added together, to produce the intensity of an edge in
725 % a specific direction. The square root of the pixel value can then be
726 % taken as the cosine of the edge, and at least 2 such runs at 90 degrees
727 % from each other, both the direction and the strength of the edge can be
728 % determined.
729 %
730 % Type 10: All 9 of the following pre-weighted kernels...
731 %
732 % Type 11: | 1, 0, -1 |
733 % | sqrt(2), 0, -sqrt(2) | / 2*sqrt(2)
734 % | 1, 0, -1 |
735 %
736 % Type 12: | 1, sqrt(2), 1 |
737 % | 0, 0, 0 | / 2*sqrt(2)
738 % | 1, sqrt(2), 1 |
739 %
740 % Type 13: | sqrt(2), -1, 0 |
741 % | -1, 0, 1 | / 2*sqrt(2)
742 % | 0, 1, -sqrt(2) |
743 %
744 % Type 14: | 0, 1, -sqrt(2) |
745 % | -1, 0, 1 | / 2*sqrt(2)
746 % | sqrt(2), -1, 0 |
747 %
748 % Type 15: | 0, -1, 0 |
749 % | 1, 0, 1 | / 2
750 % | 0, -1, 0 |
751 %
752 % Type 16: | 1, 0, -1 |
753 % | 0, 0, 0 | / 2
754 % | -1, 0, 1 |
755 %
756 % Type 17: | 1, -2, 1 |
757 % | -2, 4, -2 | / 6
758 % | -1, -2, 1 |
759 %
760 % Type 18: | -2, 1, -2 |
761 % | 1, 4, 1 | / 6
762 % | -2, 1, -2 |
763 %
764 % Type 19: | 1, 1, 1 |
765 % | 1, 1, 1 | / 3
766 % | 1, 1, 1 |
767 %
768 % The first 4 are for edge detection, the next 4 are for line detection
769 % and the last is to add a average component to the results.
770 %
771 % Using a special type of '-1' will return all 9 pre-weighted kernels
772 % as a multi-kernel list, so that you can use them directly (without
773 % normalization) with the special "-set option:morphology:compose Plus"
774 % setting to apply the full FreiChen Edge Detection Technique.
775 %
776 % If 'type' is large it will be taken to be an actual rotation angle for
777 % the default FreiChen (type 0) kernel. As such FreiChen:45 will look
778 % like a Sobel:45 but with 'sqrt(2)' instead of '2' values.
779 %
780 % WARNING: The above was layed out as per
781 % http://www.math.tau.ac.il/~turkel/notes/edge_detectors.pdf
782 % But rotated 90 degrees so direction is from left rather than the top.
783 % I have yet to find any secondary confirmation of the above. The only
784 % other source found was actual source code at
785 % http://ltswww.epfl.ch/~courstiv/exos_labos/sol3.pdf
786 % Neigher paper defineds the kernels in a way that looks locical or
787 % correct when taken as a whole.
788 %
789 % Boolean Kernels
790 %
791 % Diamond:[{radius}[,{scale}]]
792 % Generate a diamond shaped kernel with given radius to the points.
793 % Kernel size will again be radius*2+1 square and defaults to radius 1,
794 % generating a 3x3 kernel that is slightly larger than a square.
795 %
796 % Square:[{radius}[,{scale}]]
797 % Generate a square shaped kernel of size radius*2+1, and defaulting
798 % to a 3x3 (radius 1).
799 %
800 % Octagon:[{radius}[,{scale}]]
801 % Generate octagonal shaped kernel of given radius and constant scale.
802 % Default radius is 3 producing a 7x7 kernel. A radius of 1 will result
803 % in "Diamond" kernel.
804 %
805 % Disk:[{radius}[,{scale}]]
806 % Generate a binary disk, thresholded at the radius given, the radius
807 % may be a float-point value. Final Kernel size is floor(radius)*2+1
808 % square. A radius of 5.3 is the default.
809 %
810 % NOTE: That a low radii Disk kernels produce the same results as
811 % many of the previously defined kernels, but differ greatly at larger
812 % radii. Here is a table of equivalences...
813 % "Disk:1" => "Diamond", "Octagon:1", or "Cross:1"
814 % "Disk:1.5" => "Square"
815 % "Disk:2" => "Diamond:2"
816 % "Disk:2.5" => "Octagon"
817 % "Disk:2.9" => "Square:2"
818 % "Disk:3.5" => "Octagon:3"
819 % "Disk:4.5" => "Octagon:4"
820 % "Disk:5.4" => "Octagon:5"
821 % "Disk:6.4" => "Octagon:6"
822 % All other Disk shapes are unique to this kernel, but because a "Disk"
823 % is more circular when using a larger radius, using a larger radius is
824 % preferred over iterating the morphological operation.
825 %
826 % Rectangle:{geometry}
827 % Simply generate a rectangle of 1's with the size given. You can also
828 % specify the location of the 'control point', otherwise the closest
829 % pixel to the center of the rectangle is selected.
830 %
831 % Properly centered and odd sized rectangles work the best.
832 %
833 % Symbol Dilation Kernels
834 %
835 % These kernel is not a good general morphological kernel, but is used
836 % more for highlighting and marking any single pixels in an image using,
837 % a "Dilate" method as appropriate.
838 %
839 % For the same reasons iterating these kernels does not produce the
840 % same result as using a larger radius for the symbol.
841 %
842 % Plus:[{radius}[,{scale}]]
843 % Cross:[{radius}[,{scale}]]
844 % Generate a kernel in the shape of a 'plus' or a 'cross' with
845 % a each arm the length of the given radius (default 2).
846 %
847 % NOTE: "plus:1" is equivalent to a "Diamond" kernel.
848 %
849 % Ring:{radius1},{radius2}[,{scale}]
850 % A ring of the values given that falls between the two radii.
851 % Defaults to a ring of approximataly 3 radius in a 7x7 kernel.
852 % This is the 'edge' pixels of the default "Disk" kernel,
853 % More specifically, "Ring" -> "Ring:2.5,3.5,1.0"
854 %
855 % Hit and Miss Kernels
856 %
857 % Peak:radius1,radius2
858 % Find any peak larger than the pixels the fall between the two radii.
859 % The default ring of pixels is as per "Ring".
860 % Edges
861 % Find flat orthogonal edges of a binary shape
862 % Corners
863 % Find 90 degree corners of a binary shape
864 % Diagonals:type
865 % A special kernel to thin the 'outside' of diagonals
866 % LineEnds:type
867 % Find end points of lines (for pruning a skeletion)
868 % Two types of lines ends (default to both) can be searched for
869 % Type 0: All line ends
870 % Type 1: single kernel for 4-conneected line ends
871 % Type 2: single kernel for simple line ends
872 % LineJunctions
873 % Find three line junctions (within a skeletion)
874 % Type 0: all line junctions
875 % Type 1: Y Junction kernel
876 % Type 2: Diagonal T Junction kernel
877 % Type 3: Orthogonal T Junction kernel
878 % Type 4: Diagonal X Junction kernel
879 % Type 5: Orthogonal + Junction kernel
880 % Ridges:type
881 % Find single pixel ridges or thin lines
882 % Type 1: Fine single pixel thick lines and ridges
883 % Type 2: Find two pixel thick lines and ridges
884 % ConvexHull
885 % Octagonal Thickening Kernel, to generate convex hulls of 45 degrees
886 % Skeleton:type
887 % Traditional skeleton generating kernels.
888 % Type 1: Tradional Skeleton kernel (4 connected skeleton)
889 % Type 2: HIPR2 Skeleton kernel (8 connected skeleton)
890 % Type 3: Thinning skeleton based on a ressearch paper by
891 % Dan S. Bloomberg (Default Type)
892 % ThinSE:type
893 % A huge variety of Thinning Kernels designed to preserve conectivity.
894 % many other kernel sets use these kernels as source definitions.
895 % Type numbers are 41-49, 81-89, 481, and 482 which are based on
896 % the super and sub notations used in the source research paper.
897 %
898 % Distance Measuring Kernels
899 %
900 % Different types of distance measuring methods, which are used with the
901 % a 'Distance' morphology method for generating a gradient based on
902 % distance from an edge of a binary shape, though there is a technique
903 % for handling a anti-aliased shape.
904 %
905 % See the 'Distance' Morphological Method, for information of how it is
906 % applied.
907 %
908 % Chebyshev:[{radius}][x{scale}[%!]]
909 % Chebyshev Distance (also known as Tchebychev or Chessboard distance)
910 % is a value of one to any neighbour, orthogonal or diagonal. One why
911 % of thinking of it is the number of squares a 'King' or 'Queen' in
912 % chess needs to traverse reach any other position on a chess board.
913 % It results in a 'square' like distance function, but one where
914 % diagonals are given a value that is closer than expected.
915 %
916 % Manhattan:[{radius}][x{scale}[%!]]
917 % Manhattan Distance (also known as Rectilinear, City Block, or the Taxi
918 % Cab distance metric), it is the distance needed when you can only
919 % travel in horizontal or vertical directions only. It is the
920 % distance a 'Rook' in chess would have to travel, and results in a
921 % diamond like distances, where diagonals are further than expected.
922 %
923 % Octagonal:[{radius}][x{scale}[%!]]
924 % An interleving of Manhatten and Chebyshev metrics producing an
925 % increasing octagonally shaped distance. Distances matches those of
926 % the "Octagon" shaped kernel of the same radius. The minimum radius
927 % and default is 2, producing a 5x5 kernel.
928 %
929 % Euclidean:[{radius}][x{scale}[%!]]
930 % Euclidean distance is the 'direct' or 'as the crow flys' distance.
931 % However by default the kernel size only has a radius of 1, which
932 % limits the distance to 'Knight' like moves, with only orthogonal and
933 % diagonal measurements being correct. As such for the default kernel
934 % you will get octagonal like distance function.
935 %
936 % However using a larger radius such as "Euclidean:4" you will get a
937 % much smoother distance gradient from the edge of the shape. Especially
938 % if the image is pre-processed to include any anti-aliasing pixels.
939 % Of course a larger kernel is slower to use, and not always needed.
940 %
941 % The first three Distance Measuring Kernels will only generate distances
942 % of exact multiples of {scale} in binary images. As such you can use a
943 % scale of 1 without loosing any information. However you also need some
944 % scaling when handling non-binary anti-aliased shapes.
945 %
946 % The "Euclidean" Distance Kernel however does generate a non-integer
947 % fractional results, and as such scaling is vital even for binary shapes.
948 %
949 */
950 
952  const GeometryInfo *args,ExceptionInfo *exception)
953 {
954  KernelInfo
955  *kernel;
956 
957  register ssize_t
958  i;
959 
960  register ssize_t
961  u,
962  v;
963 
964  double
965  nan = sqrt((double)-1.0); /* Special Value : Not A Number */
966 
967  /* Generate a new empty kernel if needed */
968  kernel=(KernelInfo *) NULL;
969  switch(type) {
970  case UndefinedKernel: /* These should not call this function */
971  case UserDefinedKernel:
972  assert("Should not call this function" != (char *) NULL);
973  break;
974  case LaplacianKernel: /* Named Descrete Convolution Kernels */
975  case SobelKernel: /* these are defined using other kernels */
976  case RobertsKernel:
977  case PrewittKernel:
978  case CompassKernel:
979  case KirschKernel:
980  case FreiChenKernel:
981  case EdgesKernel: /* Hit and Miss kernels */
982  case CornersKernel:
983  case DiagonalsKernel:
984  case LineEndsKernel:
985  case LineJunctionsKernel:
986  case RidgesKernel:
987  case ConvexHullKernel:
988  case SkeletonKernel:
989  case ThinSEKernel:
990  break; /* A pre-generated kernel is not needed */
991 #if 0
992  /* set to 1 to do a compile-time check that we haven't missed anything */
993  case UnityKernel:
994  case GaussianKernel:
995  case DoGKernel:
996  case LoGKernel:
997  case BlurKernel:
998  case CometKernel:
999  case BinomialKernel:
1000  case DiamondKernel:
1001  case SquareKernel:
1002  case RectangleKernel:
1003  case OctagonKernel:
1004  case DiskKernel:
1005  case PlusKernel:
1006  case CrossKernel:
1007  case RingKernel:
1008  case PeaksKernel:
1009  case ChebyshevKernel:
1010  case ManhattanKernel:
1011  case OctangonalKernel:
1012  case EuclideanKernel:
1013 #else
1014  default:
1015 #endif
1016  /* Generate the base Kernel Structure */
1017  kernel=(KernelInfo *) AcquireMagickMemory(sizeof(*kernel));
1018  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1019  return(kernel);
1020  (void) memset(kernel,0,sizeof(*kernel));
1021  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = kernel->angle = 0.0;
1022  kernel->negative_range = kernel->positive_range = 0.0;
1023  kernel->type = type;
1024  kernel->next = (KernelInfo *) NULL;
1026  break;
1027  }
1028 
1029  switch(type) {
1030  /*
1031  Convolution Kernels
1032  */
1033  case UnityKernel:
1034  {
1035  kernel->height = kernel->width = (size_t) 1;
1036  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) 0;
1038  AcquireAlignedMemory(1,sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1039  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1040  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1041  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[0] = args->rho;
1042  break;
1043  }
1044  break;
1045  case GaussianKernel:
1046  case DoGKernel:
1047  case LoGKernel:
1048  { double
1049  sigma = fabs(args->sigma),
1050  sigma2 = fabs(args->xi),
1051  A, B, R;
1052 
1053  if ( args->rho >= 1.0 )
1054  kernel->width = (size_t)args->rho*2+1;
1055  else if ( (type != DoGKernel) || (sigma >= sigma2) )
1056  kernel->width = GetOptimalKernelWidth2D(args->rho,sigma);
1057  else
1058  kernel->width = GetOptimalKernelWidth2D(args->rho,sigma2);
1059  kernel->height = kernel->width;
1060  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1062  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1063  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1064  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1065  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1066 
1067  /* WARNING: The following generates a 'sampled gaussian' kernel.
1068  * What we really want is a 'discrete gaussian' kernel.
1069  *
1070  * How to do this is I don't know, but appears to be basied on the
1071  * Error Function 'erf()' (intergral of a gaussian)
1072  */
1073 
1074  if ( type == GaussianKernel || type == DoGKernel )
1075  { /* Calculate a Gaussian, OR positive half of a DoG */
1076  if ( sigma > MagickEpsilon )
1077  { A = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma); /* simplify loop expressions */
1078  B = (double) (1.0/(Magick2PI*sigma*sigma));
1079  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1080  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1081  kernel->values[i] = exp(-((double)(u*u+v*v))*A)*B;
1082  }
1083  else /* limiting case - a unity (normalized Dirac) kernel */
1084  { (void) memset(kernel->values,0, (size_t)
1085  kernel->width*kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values));
1086  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] = 1.0;
1087  }
1088  }
1089 
1090  if ( type == DoGKernel )
1091  { /* Subtract a Negative Gaussian for "Difference of Gaussian" */
1092  if ( sigma2 > MagickEpsilon )
1093  { sigma = sigma2; /* simplify loop expressions */
1094  A = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma);
1095  B = (double) (1.0/(Magick2PI*sigma*sigma));
1096  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1097  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1098  kernel->values[i] -= exp(-((double)(u*u+v*v))*A)*B;
1099  }
1100  else /* limiting case - a unity (normalized Dirac) kernel */
1101  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] -= 1.0;
1102  }
1103 
1104  if ( type == LoGKernel )
1105  { /* Calculate a Laplacian of a Gaussian - Or Mexician Hat */
1106  if ( sigma > MagickEpsilon )
1107  { A = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma); /* simplify loop expressions */
1108  B = (double) (1.0/(MagickPI*sigma*sigma*sigma*sigma));
1109  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1110  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1111  { R = ((double)(u*u+v*v))*A;
1112  kernel->values[i] = (1-R)*exp(-R)*B;
1113  }
1114  }
1115  else /* special case - generate a unity kernel */
1116  { (void) memset(kernel->values,0, (size_t)
1117  kernel->width*kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values));
1118  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] = 1.0;
1119  }
1120  }
1121 
1122  /* Note the above kernels may have been 'clipped' by a user defined
1123  ** radius, producing a smaller (darker) kernel. Also for very small
1124  ** sigma's (> 0.1) the central value becomes larger than one, and thus
1125  ** producing a very bright kernel.
1126  **
1127  ** Normalization will still be needed.
1128  */
1129 
1130  /* Normalize the 2D Gaussian Kernel
1131  **
1132  ** NB: a CorrelateNormalize performs a normal Normalize if
1133  ** there are no negative values.
1134  */
1135  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel); /* the other kernel meta-data */
1137 
1138  break;
1139  }
1140  case BlurKernel:
1141  { double
1142  sigma = fabs(args->sigma),
1143  alpha, beta;
1144 
1145  if ( args->rho >= 1.0 )
1146  kernel->width = (size_t)args->rho*2+1;
1147  else
1148  kernel->width = GetOptimalKernelWidth1D(args->rho,sigma);
1149  kernel->height = 1;
1150  kernel->x = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1151  kernel->y = 0;
1152  kernel->negative_range = kernel->positive_range = 0.0;
1154  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1155  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1156  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1157  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1158 
1159 #if 1
1160 #define KernelRank 3
1161  /* Formula derived from GetBlurKernel() in "effect.c" (plus bug fix).
1162  ** It generates a gaussian 3 times the width, and compresses it into
1163  ** the expected range. This produces a closer normalization of the
1164  ** resulting kernel, especially for very low sigma values.
1165  ** As such while wierd it is prefered.
1166  **
1167  ** I am told this method originally came from Photoshop.
1168  **
1169  ** A properly normalized curve is generated (apart from edge clipping)
1170  ** even though we later normalize the result (for edge clipping)
1171  ** to allow the correct generation of a "Difference of Blurs".
1172  */
1173 
1174  /* initialize */
1175  v = (ssize_t) (kernel->width*KernelRank-1)/2; /* start/end points to fit range */
1176  (void) memset(kernel->values,0, (size_t)
1177  kernel->width*kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values));
1178  /* Calculate a Positive 1D Gaussian */
1179  if ( sigma > MagickEpsilon )
1180  { sigma *= KernelRank; /* simplify loop expressions */
1181  alpha = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma);
1182  beta= (double) (1.0/(MagickSQ2PI*sigma ));
1183  for ( u=-v; u <= v; u++) {
1184  kernel->values[(u+v)/KernelRank] +=
1185  exp(-((double)(u*u))*alpha)*beta;
1186  }
1187  }
1188  else /* special case - generate a unity kernel */
1189  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] = 1.0;
1190 #else
1191  /* Direct calculation without curve averaging
1192  This is equivelent to a KernelRank of 1 */
1193 
1194  /* Calculate a Positive Gaussian */
1195  if ( sigma > MagickEpsilon )
1196  { alpha = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma); /* simplify loop expressions */
1197  beta = 1.0/(MagickSQ2PI*sigma);
1198  for ( i=0, u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1199  kernel->values[i] = exp(-((double)(u*u))*alpha)*beta;
1200  }
1201  else /* special case - generate a unity kernel */
1202  { (void) memset(kernel->values,0, (size_t)
1203  kernel->width*kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values));
1204  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] = 1.0;
1205  }
1206 #endif
1207  /* Note the above kernel may have been 'clipped' by a user defined
1208  ** radius, producing a smaller (darker) kernel. Also for very small
1209  ** sigma's (> 0.1) the central value becomes larger than one, as a
1210  ** result of not generating a actual 'discrete' kernel, and thus
1211  ** producing a very bright 'impulse'.
1212  **
1213  ** Becuase of these two factors Normalization is required!
1214  */
1215 
1216  /* Normalize the 1D Gaussian Kernel
1217  **
1218  ** NB: a CorrelateNormalize performs a normal Normalize if
1219  ** there are no negative values.
1220  */
1221  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel); /* the other kernel meta-data */
1223 
1224  /* rotate the 1D kernel by given angle */
1225  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->xi );
1226  break;
1227  }
1228  case CometKernel:
1229  { double
1230  sigma = fabs(args->sigma),
1231  A;
1232 
1233  if ( args->rho < 1.0 )
1234  kernel->width = (GetOptimalKernelWidth1D(args->rho,sigma)-1)/2+1;
1235  else
1236  kernel->width = (size_t)args->rho;
1237  kernel->x = kernel->y = 0;
1238  kernel->height = 1;
1239  kernel->negative_range = kernel->positive_range = 0.0;
1241  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1242  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1243  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1244  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1245 
1246  /* A comet blur is half a 1D gaussian curve, so that the object is
1247  ** blurred in one direction only. This may not be quite the right
1248  ** curve to use so may change in the future. The function must be
1249  ** normalised after generation, which also resolves any clipping.
1250  **
1251  ** As we are normalizing and not subtracting gaussians,
1252  ** there is no need for a divisor in the gaussian formula
1253  **
1254  ** It is less comples
1255  */
1256  if ( sigma > MagickEpsilon )
1257  {
1258 #if 1
1259 #define KernelRank 3
1260  v = (ssize_t) kernel->width*KernelRank; /* start/end points */
1261  (void) memset(kernel->values,0, (size_t)
1262  kernel->width*sizeof(*kernel->values));
1263  sigma *= KernelRank; /* simplify the loop expression */
1264  A = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma);
1265  /* B = 1.0/(MagickSQ2PI*sigma); */
1266  for ( u=0; u < v; u++) {
1267  kernel->values[u/KernelRank] +=
1268  exp(-((double)(u*u))*A);
1269  /* exp(-((double)(i*i))/2.0*sigma*sigma)/(MagickSQ2PI*sigma); */
1270  }
1271  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) kernel->width; i++)
1272  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i];
1273 #else
1274  A = 1.0/(2.0*sigma*sigma); /* simplify the loop expression */
1275  /* B = 1.0/(MagickSQ2PI*sigma); */
1276  for ( i=0; i < (ssize_t) kernel->width; i++)
1277  kernel->positive_range +=
1278  kernel->values[i] = exp(-((double)(i*i))*A);
1279  /* exp(-((double)(i*i))/2.0*sigma*sigma)/(MagickSQ2PI*sigma); */
1280 #endif
1281  }
1282  else /* special case - generate a unity kernel */
1283  { (void) memset(kernel->values,0, (size_t)
1284  kernel->width*kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values));
1285  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] = 1.0;
1286  kernel->positive_range = 1.0;
1287  }
1288 
1289  kernel->minimum = 0.0;
1290  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[0];
1291  kernel->negative_range = 0.0;
1292 
1293  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, 1.0, NormalizeValue); /* Normalize */
1294  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->xi); /* Rotate by angle */
1295  break;
1296  }
1297  case BinomialKernel:
1298  {
1299  size_t
1300  order_f;
1301 
1302  if (args->rho < 1.0)
1303  kernel->width = kernel->height = 3; /* default radius = 1 */
1304  else
1305  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
1306  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1307 
1308  order_f = fact(kernel->width-1);
1309 
1311  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1312  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1313  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1314  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1315 
1316  /* set all kernel values within diamond area to scale given */
1317  for ( i=0, v=0; v < (ssize_t)kernel->height; v++)
1318  { size_t
1319  alpha = order_f / ( fact((size_t) v) * fact(kernel->height-v-1) );
1320  for ( u=0; u < (ssize_t)kernel->width; u++, i++)
1321  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] = (double)
1322  (alpha * order_f / ( fact((size_t) u) * fact(kernel->height-u-1) ));
1323  }
1324  kernel->minimum = 1.0;
1325  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width];
1326  kernel->negative_range = 0.0;
1327  break;
1328  }
1329 
1330  /*
1331  Convolution Kernels - Well Known Named Constant Kernels
1332  */
1333  case LaplacianKernel:
1334  { switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1335  case 0:
1336  default: /* laplacian square filter -- default */
1337  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -1,-1,-1 -1,8,-1 -1,-1,-1");
1338  break;
1339  case 1: /* laplacian diamond filter */
1340  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-1,0 -1,4,-1 0,-1,0");
1341  break;
1342  case 2:
1343  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -2,1,-2 1,4,1 -2,1,-2");
1344  break;
1345  case 3:
1346  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,-2,1 -2,4,-2 1,-2,1");
1347  break;
1348  case 5: /* a 5x5 laplacian */
1349  kernel=ParseKernelArray(
1350  "5: -4,-1,0,-1,-4 -1,2,3,2,-1 0,3,4,3,0 -1,2,3,2,-1 -4,-1,0,-1,-4");
1351  break;
1352  case 7: /* a 7x7 laplacian */
1353  kernel=ParseKernelArray(
1354  "7:-10,-5,-2,-1,-2,-5,-10 -5,0,3,4,3,0,-5 -2,3,6,7,6,3,-2 -1,4,7,8,7,4,-1 -2,3,6,7,6,3,-2 -5,0,3,4,3,0,-5 -10,-5,-2,-1,-2,-5,-10" );
1355  break;
1356  case 15: /* a 5x5 LoG (sigma approx 1.4) */
1357  kernel=ParseKernelArray(
1358  "5: 0,0,-1,0,0 0,-1,-2,-1,0 -1,-2,16,-2,-1 0,-1,-2,-1,0 0,0,-1,0,0");
1359  break;
1360  case 19: /* a 9x9 LoG (sigma approx 1.4) */
1361  /* http://www.cscjournals.org/csc/manuscript/Journals/IJIP/volume3/Issue1/IJIP-15.pdf */
1362  kernel=ParseKernelArray(
1363  "9: 0,-1,-1,-2,-2,-2,-1,-1,0 -1,-2,-4,-5,-5,-5,-4,-2,-1 -1,-4,-5,-3,-0,-3,-5,-4,-1 -2,-5,-3,12,24,12,-3,-5,-2 -2,-5,-0,24,40,24,-0,-5,-2 -2,-5,-3,12,24,12,-3,-5,-2 -1,-4,-5,-3,-0,-3,-5,-4,-1 -1,-2,-4,-5,-5,-5,-4,-2,-1 0,-1,-1,-2,-2,-2,-1,-1,0");
1364  break;
1365  }
1366  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1367  return(kernel);
1368  kernel->type = type;
1369  break;
1370  }
1371  case SobelKernel:
1372  { /* Simple Sobel Kernel */
1373  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,0,-1 2,0,-2 1,0,-1");
1374  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1375  return(kernel);
1376  kernel->type = type;
1377  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->rho);
1378  break;
1379  }
1380  case RobertsKernel:
1381  {
1382  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,0 1,-1,0 0,0,0");
1383  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1384  return(kernel);
1385  kernel->type = type;
1386  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->rho);
1387  break;
1388  }
1389  case PrewittKernel:
1390  {
1391  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,0,-1 1,0,-1 1,0,-1");
1392  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1393  return(kernel);
1394  kernel->type = type;
1395  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->rho);
1396  break;
1397  }
1398  case CompassKernel:
1399  {
1400  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,1,-1 1,-2,-1 1,1,-1");
1401  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1402  return(kernel);
1403  kernel->type = type;
1404  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->rho);
1405  break;
1406  }
1407  case KirschKernel:
1408  {
1409  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 5,-3,-3 5,0,-3 5,-3,-3");
1410  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1411  return(kernel);
1412  kernel->type = type;
1413  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->rho);
1414  break;
1415  }
1416  case FreiChenKernel:
1417  /* Direction is set to be left to right positive */
1418  /* http://www.math.tau.ac.il/~turkel/notes/edge_detectors.pdf -- RIGHT? */
1419  /* http://ltswww.epfl.ch/~courstiv/exos_labos/sol3.pdf -- WRONG? */
1420  { switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1421  default:
1422  case 0:
1423  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,0,-1 2,0,-2 1,0,-1");
1424  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1425  return(kernel);
1426  kernel->type = type;
1427  kernel->values[3] = +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1428  kernel->values[5] = -(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1429  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel); /* recalculate meta-data */
1430  break;
1431  case 2:
1432  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,2,0 2,0,-2 0,-2,-1");
1433  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1434  return(kernel);
1435  kernel->type = type;
1436  kernel->values[1] = kernel->values[3]= +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1437  kernel->values[5] = kernel->values[7]= -(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1438  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel); /* recalculate meta-data */
1439  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, (double) (1.0/2.0*MagickSQ2), NoValue);
1440  break;
1441  case 10:
1442  {
1443  kernel=AcquireKernelInfo("FreiChen:11;FreiChen:12;FreiChen:13;FreiChen:14;FreiChen:15;FreiChen:16;FreiChen:17;FreiChen:18;FreiChen:19",exception);
1444  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1445  return(kernel);
1446  break;
1447  }
1448  case 1:
1449  case 11:
1450  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,0,-1 2,0,-2 1,0,-1");
1451  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1452  return(kernel);
1453  kernel->type = type;
1454  kernel->values[3] = +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1455  kernel->values[5] = -(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1456  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel); /* recalculate meta-data */
1457  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, (double) (1.0/2.0*MagickSQ2), NoValue);
1458  break;
1459  case 12:
1460  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,2,1 0,0,0 1,2,1");
1461  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1462  return(kernel);
1463  kernel->type = type;
1464  kernel->values[1] = +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1465  kernel->values[7] = +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1466  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel);
1467  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, (double) (1.0/2.0*MagickSQ2), NoValue);
1468  break;
1469  case 13:
1470  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 2,-1,0 -1,0,1 0,1,-2");
1471  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1472  return(kernel);
1473  kernel->type = type;
1474  kernel->values[0] = +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1475  kernel->values[8] = -(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1476  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel);
1477  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, (double) (1.0/2.0*MagickSQ2), NoValue);
1478  break;
1479  case 14:
1480  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,1,-2 -1,0,1 2,-1,0");
1481  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1482  return(kernel);
1483  kernel->type = type;
1484  kernel->values[2] = -(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1485  kernel->values[6] = +(MagickRealType) MagickSQ2;
1486  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel);
1487  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, (double) (1.0/2.0*MagickSQ2), NoValue);
1488  break;
1489  case 15:
1490  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-1,0 1,0,1 0,-1,0");
1491  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1492  return(kernel);
1493  kernel->type = type;
1494  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, 1.0/2.0, NoValue);
1495  break;
1496  case 16:
1497  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,0,-1 0,0,0 -1,0,1");
1498  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1499  return(kernel);
1500  kernel->type = type;
1501  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, 1.0/2.0, NoValue);
1502  break;
1503  case 17:
1504  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,-2,1 -2,4,-2 -1,-2,1");
1505  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1506  return(kernel);
1507  kernel->type = type;
1508  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, 1.0/6.0, NoValue);
1509  break;
1510  case 18:
1511  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -2,1,-2 1,4,1 -2,1,-2");
1512  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1513  return(kernel);
1514  kernel->type = type;
1515  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, 1.0/6.0, NoValue);
1516  break;
1517  case 19:
1518  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,1,1 1,1,1 1,1,1");
1519  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1520  return(kernel);
1521  kernel->type = type;
1522  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, 1.0/3.0, NoValue);
1523  break;
1524  }
1525  if ( fabs(args->sigma) >= MagickEpsilon )
1526  /* Rotate by correctly supplied 'angle' */
1527  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->sigma);
1528  else if ( args->rho > 30.0 || args->rho < -30.0 )
1529  /* Rotate by out of bounds 'type' */
1530  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->rho);
1531  break;
1532  }
1533 
1534  /*
1535  Boolean or Shaped Kernels
1536  */
1537  case DiamondKernel:
1538  {
1539  if (args->rho < 1.0)
1540  kernel->width = kernel->height = 3; /* default radius = 1 */
1541  else
1542  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
1543  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1544 
1546  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1547  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1548  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1549  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1550 
1551  /* set all kernel values within diamond area to scale given */
1552  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1553  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1554  if ( (labs((long) u)+labs((long) v)) <= (long) kernel->x)
1555  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] = args->sigma;
1556  else
1557  kernel->values[i] = nan;
1558  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = args->sigma; /* a flat shape */
1559  break;
1560  }
1561  case SquareKernel:
1562  case RectangleKernel:
1563  { double
1564  scale;
1565  if ( type == SquareKernel )
1566  {
1567  if (args->rho < 1.0)
1568  kernel->width = kernel->height = 3; /* default radius = 1 */
1569  else
1570  kernel->width = kernel->height = (size_t) (2*args->rho+1);
1571  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1572  scale = args->sigma;
1573  }
1574  else {
1575  /* NOTE: user defaults set in "AcquireKernelInfo()" */
1576  if ( args->rho < 1.0 || args->sigma < 1.0 )
1577  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel)); /* invalid args given */
1578  kernel->width = (size_t)args->rho;
1579  kernel->height = (size_t)args->sigma;
1580  if ( args->xi < 0.0 || args->xi > (double)kernel->width ||
1581  args->psi < 0.0 || args->psi > (double)kernel->height )
1582  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel)); /* invalid args given */
1583  kernel->x = (ssize_t) args->xi;
1584  kernel->y = (ssize_t) args->psi;
1585  scale = 1.0;
1586  }
1588  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1589  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1590  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1591  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1592 
1593  /* set all kernel values to scale given */
1594  u=(ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height);
1595  for ( i=0; i < u; i++)
1596  kernel->values[i] = scale;
1597  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = scale; /* a flat shape */
1598  kernel->positive_range = scale*u;
1599  break;
1600  }
1601  case OctagonKernel:
1602  {
1603  if (args->rho < 1.0)
1604  kernel->width = kernel->height = 5; /* default radius = 2 */
1605  else
1606  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
1607  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1608 
1610  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1611  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1612  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1613  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1614 
1615  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1616  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1617  if ( (labs((long) u)+labs((long) v)) <=
1618  ((long)kernel->x + (long)(kernel->x/2)) )
1619  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] = args->sigma;
1620  else
1621  kernel->values[i] = nan;
1622  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = args->sigma; /* a flat shape */
1623  break;
1624  }
1625  case DiskKernel:
1626  {
1627  ssize_t
1628  limit = (ssize_t)(args->rho*args->rho);
1629 
1630  if (args->rho < 0.4) /* default radius approx 4.3 */
1631  kernel->width = kernel->height = 9L, limit = 18L;
1632  else
1633  kernel->width = kernel->height = (size_t)fabs(args->rho)*2+1;
1634  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1635 
1637  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1638  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1639  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1640  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1641 
1642  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1643  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1644  if ((u*u+v*v) <= limit)
1645  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] = args->sigma;
1646  else
1647  kernel->values[i] = nan;
1648  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = args->sigma; /* a flat shape */
1649  break;
1650  }
1651  case PlusKernel:
1652  {
1653  if (args->rho < 1.0)
1654  kernel->width = kernel->height = 5; /* default radius 2 */
1655  else
1656  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
1657  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1658 
1660  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1661  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1662  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1663  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1664 
1665  /* set all kernel values along axises to given scale */
1666  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1667  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1668  kernel->values[i] = (u == 0 || v == 0) ? args->sigma : nan;
1669  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = args->sigma; /* a flat shape */
1670  kernel->positive_range = args->sigma*(kernel->width*2.0 - 1.0);
1671  break;
1672  }
1673  case CrossKernel:
1674  {
1675  if (args->rho < 1.0)
1676  kernel->width = kernel->height = 5; /* default radius 2 */
1677  else
1678  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
1679  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1680 
1682  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1683  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1684  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1685  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1686 
1687  /* set all kernel values along axises to given scale */
1688  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1689  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1690  kernel->values[i] = (u == v || u == -v) ? args->sigma : nan;
1691  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = args->sigma; /* a flat shape */
1692  kernel->positive_range = args->sigma*(kernel->width*2.0 - 1.0);
1693  break;
1694  }
1695  /*
1696  HitAndMiss Kernels
1697  */
1698  case RingKernel:
1699  case PeaksKernel:
1700  {
1701  ssize_t
1702  limit1,
1703  limit2,
1704  scale;
1705 
1706  if (args->rho < args->sigma)
1707  {
1708  kernel->width = ((size_t)args->sigma)*2+1;
1709  limit1 = (ssize_t)(args->rho*args->rho);
1710  limit2 = (ssize_t)(args->sigma*args->sigma);
1711  }
1712  else
1713  {
1714  kernel->width = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
1715  limit1 = (ssize_t)(args->sigma*args->sigma);
1716  limit2 = (ssize_t)(args->rho*args->rho);
1717  }
1718  if ( limit2 <= 0 )
1719  kernel->width = 7L, limit1 = 7L, limit2 = 11L;
1720 
1721  kernel->height = kernel->width;
1722  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
1724  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
1725  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
1726  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
1727  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1728 
1729  /* set a ring of points of 'scale' ( 0.0 for PeaksKernel ) */
1730  scale = (ssize_t) (( type == PeaksKernel) ? 0.0 : args->xi);
1731  for ( i=0, v= -kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
1732  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
1733  { ssize_t radius=u*u+v*v;
1734  if (limit1 < radius && radius <= limit2)
1735  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] = (double) scale;
1736  else
1737  kernel->values[i] = nan;
1738  }
1739  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = (double) scale;
1740  if ( type == PeaksKernel ) {
1741  /* set the central point in the middle */
1742  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] = 1.0;
1743  kernel->positive_range = 1.0;
1744  kernel->maximum = 1.0;
1745  }
1746  break;
1747  }
1748  case EdgesKernel:
1749  {
1750  kernel=AcquireKernelInfo("ThinSE:482",exception);
1751  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1752  return(kernel);
1753  kernel->type = type;
1754  ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(kernel); /* mirror expansion of kernels */
1755  break;
1756  }
1757  case CornersKernel:
1758  {
1759  kernel=AcquireKernelInfo("ThinSE:87",exception);
1760  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1761  return(kernel);
1762  kernel->type = type;
1763  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0); /* Expand 90 degree rotations */
1764  break;
1765  }
1766  case DiagonalsKernel:
1767  {
1768  switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1769  case 0:
1770  default:
1771  { KernelInfo
1772  *new_kernel;
1773  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,0 0,-,1 1,1,-");
1774  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1775  return(kernel);
1776  kernel->type = type;
1777  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,1 0,-,1 0,1,-");
1778  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1779  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1780  new_kernel->type = type;
1781  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1782  ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(kernel);
1783  return(kernel);
1784  }
1785  case 1:
1786  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,0 0,-,1 1,1,-");
1787  break;
1788  case 2:
1789  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,1 0,-,1 0,1,-");
1790  break;
1791  }
1792  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1793  return(kernel);
1794  kernel->type = type;
1795  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->sigma);
1796  break;
1797  }
1798  case LineEndsKernel:
1799  { /* Kernels for finding the end of thin lines */
1800  switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1801  case 0:
1802  default:
1803  /* set of kernels to find all end of lines */
1804  return(AcquireKernelInfo("LineEnds:1>;LineEnds:2>",exception));
1805  case 1:
1806  /* kernel for 4-connected line ends - no rotation */
1807  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,- 0,1,1 0,0,-");
1808  break;
1809  case 2:
1810  /* kernel to add for 8-connected lines - no rotation */
1811  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,0 0,1,0 0,0,1");
1812  break;
1813  case 3:
1814  /* kernel to add for orthogonal line ends - does not find corners */
1815  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,0 0,1,1 0,0,0");
1816  break;
1817  case 4:
1818  /* traditional line end - fails on last T end */
1819  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,0,0 0,1,- 0,0,-");
1820  break;
1821  }
1822  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1823  return(kernel);
1824  kernel->type = type;
1825  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->sigma);
1826  break;
1827  }
1828  case LineJunctionsKernel:
1829  { /* kernels for finding the junctions of multiple lines */
1830  switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1831  case 0:
1832  default:
1833  /* set of kernels to find all line junctions */
1834  return(AcquireKernelInfo("LineJunctions:1@;LineJunctions:2>",exception));
1835  case 1:
1836  /* Y Junction */
1837  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,-,1 -,1,- -,1,-");
1838  break;
1839  case 2:
1840  /* Diagonal T Junctions */
1841  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,-,- -,1,- 1,-,1");
1842  break;
1843  case 3:
1844  /* Orthogonal T Junctions */
1845  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,-,- 1,1,1 -,1,-");
1846  break;
1847  case 4:
1848  /* Diagonal X Junctions */
1849  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,-,1 -,1,- 1,-,1");
1850  break;
1851  case 5:
1852  /* Orthogonal X Junctions - minimal diamond kernel */
1853  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,- 1,1,1 -,1,-");
1854  break;
1855  }
1856  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1857  return(kernel);
1858  kernel->type = type;
1859  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->sigma);
1860  break;
1861  }
1862  case RidgesKernel:
1863  { /* Ridges - Ridge finding kernels */
1864  KernelInfo
1865  *new_kernel;
1866  switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1867  case 1:
1868  default:
1869  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3x1:0,1,0");
1870  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1871  return(kernel);
1872  kernel->type = type;
1873  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0); /* 2 rotated kernels (symmetrical) */
1874  break;
1875  case 2:
1876  kernel=ParseKernelArray("4x1:0,1,1,0");
1877  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1878  return(kernel);
1879  kernel->type = type;
1880  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0); /* 4 rotated kernels */
1881 
1882  /* Kernels to find a stepped 'thick' line, 4 rotates + mirrors */
1883  /* Unfortunatally we can not yet rotate a non-square kernel */
1884  /* But then we can't flip a non-symetrical kernel either */
1885  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("4x3+1+1:0,1,1,- -,1,1,- -,1,1,0");
1886  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1887  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1888  new_kernel->type = type;
1889  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1890  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("4x3+2+1:0,1,1,- -,1,1,- -,1,1,0");
1891  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1892  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1893  new_kernel->type = type;
1894  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1895  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("4x3+1+1:-,1,1,0 -,1,1,- 0,1,1,-");
1896  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1897  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1898  new_kernel->type = type;
1899  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1900  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("4x3+2+1:-,1,1,0 -,1,1,- 0,1,1,-");
1901  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1902  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1903  new_kernel->type = type;
1904  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1905  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("3x4+1+1:0,-,- 1,1,1 1,1,1 -,-,0");
1906  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1907  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1908  new_kernel->type = type;
1909  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1910  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("3x4+1+2:0,-,- 1,1,1 1,1,1 -,-,0");
1911  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1912  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1913  new_kernel->type = type;
1914  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1915  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("3x4+1+1:-,-,0 1,1,1 1,1,1 0,-,-");
1916  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1917  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1918  new_kernel->type = type;
1919  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1920  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("3x4+1+2:-,-,0 1,1,1 1,1,1 0,-,-");
1921  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1922  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1923  new_kernel->type = type;
1924  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1925  break;
1926  }
1927  break;
1928  }
1929  case ConvexHullKernel:
1930  {
1931  KernelInfo
1932  *new_kernel;
1933  /* first set of 8 kernels */
1934  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,1,- 1,0,- 1,-,0");
1935  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1936  return(kernel);
1937  kernel->type = type;
1938  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0);
1939  /* append the mirror versions too - no flip function yet */
1940  new_kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 1,1,1 1,0,- -,-,0");
1941  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1942  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1943  new_kernel->type = type;
1944  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(new_kernel, 90.0);
1945  LastKernelInfo(kernel)->next = new_kernel;
1946  break;
1947  }
1948  case SkeletonKernel:
1949  {
1950  switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
1951  case 1:
1952  default:
1953  /* Traditional Skeleton...
1954  ** A cyclically rotated single kernel
1955  */
1956  kernel=AcquireKernelInfo("ThinSE:482",exception);
1957  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1958  return(kernel);
1959  kernel->type = type;
1960  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 45.0); /* 8 rotations */
1961  break;
1962  case 2:
1963  /* HIPR Variation of the cyclic skeleton
1964  ** Corners of the traditional method made more forgiving,
1965  ** but the retain the same cyclic order.
1966  */
1967  kernel=AcquireKernelInfo("ThinSE:482; ThinSE:87x90;",exception);
1968  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1969  return(kernel);
1970  if (kernel->next == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1971  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
1972  kernel->type = type;
1973  kernel->next->type = type;
1974  ExpandRotateKernelInfo(kernel, 90.0); /* 4 rotations of the 2 kernels */
1975  break;
1976  case 3:
1977  /* Dan Bloomberg Skeleton, from his paper on 3x3 thinning SE's
1978  ** "Connectivity-Preserving Morphological Image Thransformations"
1979  ** by Dan S. Bloomberg, available on Leptonica, Selected Papers,
1980  ** http://www.leptonica.com/papers/conn.pdf
1981  */
1982  kernel=AcquireKernelInfo("ThinSE:41; ThinSE:42; ThinSE:43",
1983  exception);
1984  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
1985  return(kernel);
1986  kernel->type = type;
1987  kernel->next->type = type;
1988  kernel->next->next->type = type;
1989  ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(kernel); /* 12 kernels total */
1990  break;
1991  }
1992  break;
1993  }
1994  case ThinSEKernel:
1995  { /* Special kernels for general thinning, while preserving connections
1996  ** "Connectivity-Preserving Morphological Image Thransformations"
1997  ** by Dan S. Bloomberg, available on Leptonica, Selected Papers,
1998  ** http://www.leptonica.com/papers/conn.pdf
1999  ** And
2000  ** http://tpgit.github.com/Leptonica/ccthin_8c_source.html
2001  **
2002  ** Note kernels do not specify the origin pixel, allowing them
2003  ** to be used for both thickening and thinning operations.
2004  */
2005  switch ( (int) args->rho ) {
2006  /* SE for 4-connected thinning */
2007  case 41: /* SE_4_1 */
2008  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,-,1 0,-,1 -,-,1");
2009  break;
2010  case 42: /* SE_4_2 */
2011  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,-,1 0,-,1 -,0,-");
2012  break;
2013  case 43: /* SE_4_3 */
2014  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,0,- 0,-,1 -,-,1");
2015  break;
2016  case 44: /* SE_4_4 */
2017  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,0,- 0,-,1 -,0,-");
2018  break;
2019  case 45: /* SE_4_5 */
2020  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,0,1 0,-,1 -,0,-");
2021  break;
2022  case 46: /* SE_4_6 */
2023  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,0,- 0,-,1 -,0,1");
2024  break;
2025  case 47: /* SE_4_7 */
2026  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,1 0,-,1 -,0,-");
2027  break;
2028  case 48: /* SE_4_8 */
2029  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,-,1 0,-,1 0,-,1");
2030  break;
2031  case 49: /* SE_4_9 */
2032  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-,1 0,-,1 -,-,1");
2033  break;
2034  /* SE for 8-connected thinning - negatives of the above */
2035  case 81: /* SE_8_0 */
2036  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,- 0,-,1 -,1,-");
2037  break;
2038  case 82: /* SE_8_2 */
2039  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,- 0,-,1 0,-,-");
2040  break;
2041  case 83: /* SE_8_3 */
2042  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-,- 0,-,1 -,1,-");
2043  break;
2044  case 84: /* SE_8_4 */
2045  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-,- 0,-,1 0,-,-");
2046  break;
2047  case 85: /* SE_8_5 */
2048  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-,1 0,-,1 0,-,-");
2049  break;
2050  case 86: /* SE_8_6 */
2051  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-,- 0,-,1 0,-,1");
2052  break;
2053  case 87: /* SE_8_7 */
2054  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,- 0,-,1 0,0,-");
2055  break;
2056  case 88: /* SE_8_8 */
2057  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,- 0,-,1 0,1,-");
2058  break;
2059  case 89: /* SE_8_9 */
2060  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,1,- 0,-,1 -,1,-");
2061  break;
2062  /* Special combined SE kernels */
2063  case 423: /* SE_4_2 , SE_4_3 Combined Kernel */
2064  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,-,1 0,-,- -,0,-");
2065  break;
2066  case 823: /* SE_8_2 , SE_8_3 Combined Kernel */
2067  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,- -,-,1 0,-,-");
2068  break;
2069  case 481: /* SE_48_1 - General Connected Corner Kernel */
2070  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: -,1,1 0,-,1 0,0,-");
2071  break;
2072  default:
2073  case 482: /* SE_48_2 - General Edge Kernel */
2074  kernel=ParseKernelArray("3: 0,-,1 0,-,1 0,-,1");
2075  break;
2076  }
2077  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2078  return(kernel);
2079  kernel->type = type;
2080  RotateKernelInfo(kernel, args->sigma);
2081  break;
2082  }
2083  /*
2084  Distance Measuring Kernels
2085  */
2086  case ChebyshevKernel:
2087  {
2088  if (args->rho < 1.0)
2089  kernel->width = kernel->height = 3; /* default radius = 1 */
2090  else
2091  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
2092  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
2093 
2095  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
2096  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
2097  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
2098  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
2099 
2100  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
2101  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
2102  kernel->positive_range += ( kernel->values[i] =
2103  args->sigma*MagickMax(fabs((double)u),fabs((double)v)) );
2104  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[0];
2105  break;
2106  }
2107  case ManhattanKernel:
2108  {
2109  if (args->rho < 1.0)
2110  kernel->width = kernel->height = 3; /* default radius = 1 */
2111  else
2112  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
2113  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
2114 
2116  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
2117  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
2118  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
2119  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
2120 
2121  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
2122  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
2123  kernel->positive_range += ( kernel->values[i] =
2124  args->sigma*(labs((long) u)+labs((long) v)) );
2125  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[0];
2126  break;
2127  }
2128  case OctagonalKernel:
2129  {
2130  if (args->rho < 2.0)
2131  kernel->width = kernel->height = 5; /* default/minimum radius = 2 */
2132  else
2133  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
2134  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
2135 
2137  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
2138  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
2139  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
2140  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
2141 
2142  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
2143  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
2144  {
2145  double
2146  r1 = MagickMax(fabs((double)u),fabs((double)v)),
2147  r2 = floor((double)(labs((long)u)+labs((long)v)+1)/1.5);
2148  kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] =
2149  args->sigma*MagickMax(r1,r2);
2150  }
2151  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[0];
2152  break;
2153  }
2154  case EuclideanKernel:
2155  {
2156  if (args->rho < 1.0)
2157  kernel->width = kernel->height = 3; /* default radius = 1 */
2158  else
2159  kernel->width = kernel->height = ((size_t)args->rho)*2+1;
2160  kernel->x = kernel->y = (ssize_t) (kernel->width-1)/2;
2161 
2163  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*
2164  sizeof(*kernel->values)));
2165  if (kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
2166  return(DestroyKernelInfo(kernel));
2167 
2168  for ( i=0, v=-kernel->y; v <= (ssize_t)kernel->y; v++)
2169  for ( u=-kernel->x; u <= (ssize_t)kernel->x; u++, i++)
2170  kernel->positive_range += ( kernel->values[i] =
2171  args->sigma*sqrt((double)(u*u+v*v)) );
2172  kernel->maximum = kernel->values[0];
2173  break;
2174  }
2175  default:
2176  {
2177  /* No-Op Kernel - Basically just a single pixel on its own */
2178  kernel=ParseKernelArray("1:1");
2179  if (kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2180  return(kernel);
2181  kernel->type = UndefinedKernel;
2182  break;
2183  }
2184  break;
2185  }
2186  return(kernel);
2187 }
2188 
2189 /*
2190 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2191 % %
2192 % %
2193 % %
2194 % C l o n e K e r n e l I n f o %
2195 % %
2196 % %
2197 % %
2198 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2199 %
2200 % CloneKernelInfo() creates a new clone of the given Kernel List so that its
2201 % can be modified without effecting the original. The cloned kernel should
2202 % be destroyed using DestoryKernelInfo() when no longer needed.
2203 %
2204 % The format of the CloneKernelInfo method is:
2205 %
2206 % KernelInfo *CloneKernelInfo(const KernelInfo *kernel)
2207 %
2208 % A description of each parameter follows:
2209 %
2210 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel to be cloned
2211 %
2212 */
2214 {
2215  register ssize_t
2216  i;
2217 
2218  KernelInfo
2219  *new_kernel;
2220 
2221  assert(kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL);
2222  new_kernel=(KernelInfo *) AcquireMagickMemory(sizeof(*kernel));
2223  if (new_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2224  return(new_kernel);
2225  *new_kernel=(*kernel); /* copy values in structure */
2226 
2227  /* replace the values with a copy of the values */
2228  new_kernel->values=(MagickRealType *) MagickAssumeAligned(
2229  AcquireAlignedMemory(kernel->width,kernel->height*sizeof(*kernel->values)));
2230  if (new_kernel->values == (MagickRealType *) NULL)
2231  return(DestroyKernelInfo(new_kernel));
2232  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height); i++)
2233  new_kernel->values[i]=kernel->values[i];
2234 
2235  /* Also clone the next kernel in the kernel list */
2236  if ( kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL ) {
2237  new_kernel->next = CloneKernelInfo(kernel->next);
2238  if ( new_kernel->next == (KernelInfo *) NULL )
2239  return(DestroyKernelInfo(new_kernel));
2240  }
2241 
2242  return(new_kernel);
2243 }
2244 
2245 /*
2246 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2247 % %
2248 % %
2249 % %
2250 % D e s t r o y K e r n e l I n f o %
2251 % %
2252 % %
2253 % %
2254 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2255 %
2256 % DestroyKernelInfo() frees the memory used by a Convolution/Morphology
2257 % kernel.
2258 %
2259 % The format of the DestroyKernelInfo method is:
2260 %
2261 % KernelInfo *DestroyKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel)
2262 %
2263 % A description of each parameter follows:
2264 %
2265 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel to be destroyed
2266 %
2267 */
2269 {
2270  assert(kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL);
2271  if (kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2272  kernel->next=DestroyKernelInfo(kernel->next);
2273  kernel->values=(MagickRealType *) RelinquishAlignedMemory(kernel->values);
2274  kernel=(KernelInfo *) RelinquishMagickMemory(kernel);
2275  return(kernel);
2276 }
2277 
2278 /*
2279 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2280 % %
2281 % %
2282 % %
2283 + E x p a n d M i r r o r K e r n e l I n f o %
2284 % %
2285 % %
2286 % %
2287 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2288 %
2289 % ExpandMirrorKernelInfo() takes a single kernel, and expands it into a
2290 % sequence of 90-degree rotated kernels but providing a reflected 180
2291 % rotatation, before the -/+ 90-degree rotations.
2292 %
2293 % This special rotation order produces a better, more symetrical thinning of
2294 % objects.
2295 %
2296 % The format of the ExpandMirrorKernelInfo method is:
2297 %
2298 % void ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel)
2299 %
2300 % A description of each parameter follows:
2301 %
2302 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
2303 %
2304 % This function is only internel to this module, as it is not finalized,
2305 % especially with regard to non-orthogonal angles, and rotation of larger
2306 % 2D kernels.
2307 */
2308 
2309 #if 0
2310 static void FlopKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel)
2311  { /* Do a Flop by reversing each row. */
2312  size_t
2313  y;
2314  register ssize_t
2315  x,r;
2316  register double
2317  *k,t;
2318 
2319  for ( y=0, k=kernel->values; y < kernel->height; y++, k+=kernel->width)
2320  for ( x=0, r=kernel->width-1; x<kernel->width/2; x++, r--)
2321  t=k[x], k[x]=k[r], k[r]=t;
2322 
2323  kernel->x = kernel->width - kernel->x - 1;
2324  angle = fmod(angle+180.0, 360.0);
2325  }
2326 #endif
2327 
2329 {
2330  KernelInfo
2331  *clone,
2332  *last;
2333 
2334  last = kernel;
2335 
2336  clone = CloneKernelInfo(last);
2337  if (clone == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2338  return;
2339  RotateKernelInfo(clone, 180); /* flip */
2340  LastKernelInfo(last)->next = clone;
2341  last = clone;
2342 
2343  clone = CloneKernelInfo(last);
2344  if (clone == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2345  return;
2346  RotateKernelInfo(clone, 90); /* transpose */
2347  LastKernelInfo(last)->next = clone;
2348  last = clone;
2349 
2350  clone = CloneKernelInfo(last);
2351  if (clone == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2352  return;
2353  RotateKernelInfo(clone, 180); /* flop */
2354  LastKernelInfo(last)->next = clone;
2355 
2356  return;
2357 }
2358 
2359 /*
2360 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2361 % %
2362 % %
2363 % %
2364 + E x p a n d R o t a t e K e r n e l I n f o %
2365 % %
2366 % %
2367 % %
2368 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2369 %
2370 % ExpandRotateKernelInfo() takes a kernel list, and expands it by rotating
2371 % incrementally by the angle given, until the kernel repeats.
2372 %
2373 % WARNING: 45 degree rotations only works for 3x3 kernels.
2374 % While 90 degree roatations only works for linear and square kernels
2375 %
2376 % The format of the ExpandRotateKernelInfo method is:
2377 %
2378 % void ExpandRotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, double angle)
2379 %
2380 % A description of each parameter follows:
2381 %
2382 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
2383 %
2384 % o angle: angle to rotate in degrees
2385 %
2386 % This function is only internel to this module, as it is not finalized,
2387 % especially with regard to non-orthogonal angles, and rotation of larger
2388 % 2D kernels.
2389 */
2390 
2391 /* Internal Routine - Return true if two kernels are the same */
2393  const KernelInfo *kernel2)
2394 {
2395  register size_t
2396  i;
2397 
2398  /* check size and origin location */
2399  if ( kernel1->width != kernel2->width
2400  || kernel1->height != kernel2->height
2401  || kernel1->x != kernel2->x
2402  || kernel1->y != kernel2->y )
2403  return MagickFalse;
2404 
2405  /* check actual kernel values */
2406  for (i=0; i < (kernel1->width*kernel1->height); i++) {
2407  /* Test for Nan equivalence */
2408  if ( IsNaN(kernel1->values[i]) && !IsNaN(kernel2->values[i]) )
2409  return MagickFalse;
2410  if ( IsNaN(kernel2->values[i]) && !IsNaN(kernel1->values[i]) )
2411  return MagickFalse;
2412  /* Test actual values are equivalent */
2413  if ( fabs(kernel1->values[i] - kernel2->values[i]) >= MagickEpsilon )
2414  return MagickFalse;
2415  }
2416 
2417  return MagickTrue;
2418 }
2419 
2420 static void ExpandRotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel,const double angle)
2421 {
2422  KernelInfo
2423  *clone_info,
2424  *last;
2425 
2426  clone_info=(KernelInfo *) NULL;
2427  last=kernel;
2428 DisableMSCWarning(4127)
2429  while (1) {
2431  clone_info=CloneKernelInfo(last);
2432  if (clone_info == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2433  break;
2434  RotateKernelInfo(clone_info,angle);
2435  if (SameKernelInfo(kernel,clone_info) != MagickFalse)
2436  break;
2437  LastKernelInfo(last)->next=clone_info;
2438  last=clone_info;
2439  }
2440  if (clone_info != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
2441  clone_info=DestroyKernelInfo(clone_info); /* kernel repeated - junk */
2442  return;
2443 }
2444 
2445 /*
2446 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2447 % %
2448 % %
2449 % %
2450 + C a l c M e t a K e r n a l I n f o %
2451 % %
2452 % %
2453 % %
2454 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2455 %
2456 % CalcKernelMetaData() recalculate the KernelInfo meta-data of this kernel only,
2457 % using the kernel values. This should only ne used if it is not possible to
2458 % calculate that meta-data in some easier way.
2459 %
2460 % It is important that the meta-data is correct before ScaleKernelInfo() is
2461 % used to perform kernel normalization.
2462 %
2463 % The format of the CalcKernelMetaData method is:
2464 %
2465 % void CalcKernelMetaData(KernelInfo *kernel, const double scale )
2466 %
2467 % A description of each parameter follows:
2468 %
2469 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel to modify
2470 %
2471 % WARNING: Minimum and Maximum values are assumed to include zero, even if
2472 % zero is not part of the kernel (as in Gaussian Derived kernels). This
2473 % however is not true for flat-shaped morphological kernels.
2474 %
2475 % WARNING: Only the specific kernel pointed to is modified, not a list of
2476 % multiple kernels.
2477 %
2478 % This is an internal function and not expected to be useful outside this
2479 % module. This could change however.
2480 */
2481 static void CalcKernelMetaData(KernelInfo *kernel)
2482 {
2483  register size_t
2484  i;
2485 
2486  kernel->minimum = kernel->maximum = 0.0;
2487  kernel->negative_range = kernel->positive_range = 0.0;
2488  for (i=0; i < (kernel->width*kernel->height); i++)
2489  {
2490  if ( fabs(kernel->values[i]) < MagickEpsilon )
2491  kernel->values[i] = 0.0;
2492  ( kernel->values[i] < 0)
2493  ? ( kernel->negative_range += kernel->values[i] )
2494  : ( kernel->positive_range += kernel->values[i] );
2495  Minimize(kernel->minimum, kernel->values[i]);
2496  Maximize(kernel->maximum, kernel->values[i]);
2497  }
2498 
2499  return;
2500 }
2501 
2502 /*
2503 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2504 % %
2505 % %
2506 % %
2507 % M o r p h o l o g y A p p l y %
2508 % %
2509 % %
2510 % %
2511 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
2512 %
2513 % MorphologyApply() applies a morphological method, multiple times using
2514 % a list of multiple kernels. This is the method that should be called by
2515 % other 'operators' that internally use morphology operations as part of
2516 % their processing.
2517 %
2518 % It is basically equivalent to as MorphologyImage() (see below) but without
2519 % any user controls. This allows internel programs to use this method to
2520 % perform a specific task without possible interference by any API user
2521 % supplied settings.
2522 %
2523 % It is MorphologyImage() task to extract any such user controls, and
2524 % pass them to this function for processing.
2525 %
2526 % More specifically all given kernels should already be scaled, normalised,
2527 % and blended appropriatally before being parred to this routine. The
2528 % appropriate bias, and compose (typically 'UndefinedComposeOp') given.
2529 %
2530 % The format of the MorphologyApply method is:
2531 %
2532 % Image *MorphologyApply(const Image *image,MorphologyMethod method,
2533 % const ssize_t iterations,const KernelInfo *kernel,
2534 % const CompositeMethod compose,const double bias,
2535 % ExceptionInfo *exception)
2536 %
2537 % A description of each parameter follows:
2538 %
2539 % o image: the source image
2540 %
2541 % o method: the morphology method to be applied.
2542 %
2543 % o iterations: apply the operation this many times (or no change).
2544 % A value of -1 means loop until no change found.
2545 % How this is applied may depend on the morphology method.
2546 % Typically this is a value of 1.
2547 %
2548 % o channel: the channel type.
2549 %
2550 % o kernel: An array of double representing the morphology kernel.
2551 %
2552 % o compose: How to handle or merge multi-kernel results.
2553 % If 'UndefinedCompositeOp' use default for the Morphology method.
2554 % If 'NoCompositeOp' force image to be re-iterated by each kernel.
2555 % Otherwise merge the results using the compose method given.
2556 %
2557 % o bias: Convolution Output Bias.
2558 %
2559 % o exception: return any errors or warnings in this structure.
2560 %
2561 */
2562 static ssize_t MorphologyPrimitive(const Image *image,Image *morphology_image,
2563  const MorphologyMethod method,const KernelInfo *kernel,const double bias,
2564  ExceptionInfo *exception)
2565 {
2566 #define MorphologyTag "Morphology/Image"
2567 
2568  CacheView
2569  *image_view,
2570  *morphology_view;
2571 
2572  OffsetInfo
2573  offset;
2574 
2575  register ssize_t
2576  j,
2577  y;
2578 
2579  size_t
2580  *changes,
2581  changed,
2582  width;
2583 
2585  status;
2586 
2588  progress;
2589 
2590  assert(image != (Image *) NULL);
2591  assert(image->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
2592  assert(morphology_image != (Image *) NULL);
2593  assert(morphology_image->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
2594  assert(kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL);
2595  assert(kernel->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
2596  assert(exception != (ExceptionInfo *) NULL);
2597  assert(exception->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
2598  status=MagickTrue;
2599  progress=0;
2600  image_view=AcquireVirtualCacheView(image,exception);
2601  morphology_view=AcquireAuthenticCacheView(morphology_image,exception);
2602  width=image->columns+kernel->width-1;
2603  offset.x=0;
2604  offset.y=0;
2605  switch (method)
2606  {
2607  case ConvolveMorphology:
2608  case DilateMorphology:
2611  {
2612  /*
2613  Kernel needs to used with reflection about origin.
2614  */
2615  offset.x=(ssize_t) kernel->width-kernel->x-1;
2616  offset.y=(ssize_t) kernel->height-kernel->y-1;
2617  break;
2618  }
2619  case ErodeMorphology:
2621  case HitAndMissMorphology:
2622  case ThinningMorphology:
2623  case ThickenMorphology:
2624  {
2625  offset.x=kernel->x;
2626  offset.y=kernel->y;
2627  break;
2628  }
2629  default:
2630  {
2631  assert("Not a Primitive Morphology Method" != (char *) NULL);
2632  break;
2633  }
2634  }
2635  changed=0;
2636  changes=(size_t *) AcquireQuantumMemory(GetOpenMPMaximumThreads(),
2637  sizeof(*changes));
2638  if (changes == (size_t *) NULL)
2639  ThrowFatalException(ResourceLimitFatalError,"MemoryAllocationFailed");
2640  for (j=0; j < (ssize_t) GetOpenMPMaximumThreads(); j++)
2641  changes[j]=0;
2642 
2643  if ((method == ConvolveMorphology) && (kernel->width == 1))
2644  {
2645  register ssize_t
2646  x;
2647 
2648  /*
2649  Special handling (for speed) of vertical (blur) kernels. This performs
2650  its handling in columns rather than in rows. This is only done
2651  for convolve as it is the only method that generates very large 1-D
2652  vertical kernels (such as a 'BlurKernel')
2653  */
2654 #if defined(MAGICKCORE_OPENMP_SUPPORT)
2655  #pragma omp parallel for schedule(static) shared(progress,status) \
2656  magick_number_threads(image,morphology_image,image->columns,1)
2657 #endif
2658  for (x=0; x < (ssize_t) image->columns; x++)
2659  {
2660  const int
2661  id = GetOpenMPThreadId();
2662 
2663  register const Quantum
2664  *magick_restrict p;
2665 
2666  register Quantum
2667  *magick_restrict q;
2668 
2669  register ssize_t
2670  r;
2671 
2672  ssize_t
2673  center;
2674 
2675  if (status == MagickFalse)
2676  continue;
2677  p=GetCacheViewVirtualPixels(image_view,x,-offset.y,1,image->rows+
2678  kernel->height-1,exception);
2679  q=GetCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,x,0,1,
2680  morphology_image->rows,exception);
2681  if ((p == (const Quantum *) NULL) || (q == (Quantum *) NULL))
2682  {
2683  status=MagickFalse;
2684  continue;
2685  }
2686  center=(ssize_t) GetPixelChannels(image)*offset.y;
2687  for (r=0; r < (ssize_t) image->rows; r++)
2688  {
2689  register ssize_t
2690  i;
2691 
2692  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) GetPixelChannels(image); i++)
2693  {
2694  double
2695  alpha,
2696  gamma,
2697  pixel;
2698 
2699  PixelChannel
2700  channel;
2701 
2702  PixelTrait
2703  morphology_traits,
2704  traits;
2705 
2706  register const MagickRealType
2707  *magick_restrict k;
2708 
2709  register const Quantum
2710  *magick_restrict pixels;
2711 
2712  register ssize_t
2713  v;
2714 
2715  size_t
2716  count;
2717 
2718  channel=GetPixelChannelChannel(image,i);
2719  traits=GetPixelChannelTraits(image,channel);
2720  morphology_traits=GetPixelChannelTraits(morphology_image,channel);
2721  if ((traits == UndefinedPixelTrait) ||
2722  (morphology_traits == UndefinedPixelTrait))
2723  continue;
2724  if ((traits & CopyPixelTrait) != 0)
2725  {
2726  SetPixelChannel(morphology_image,channel,p[center+i],q);
2727  continue;
2728  }
2729  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->height-1]);
2730  pixels=p;
2731  pixel=bias;
2732  gamma=0.0;
2733  count=0;
2734  if ((morphology_traits & BlendPixelTrait) == 0)
2735  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
2736  {
2737  if (!IsNaN(*k))
2738  {
2739  pixel+=(*k)*pixels[i];
2740  gamma+=(*k);
2741  count++;
2742  }
2743  k--;
2744  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
2745  }
2746  else
2747  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
2748  {
2749  if (!IsNaN(*k))
2750  {
2751  alpha=(double) (QuantumScale*GetPixelAlpha(image,pixels));
2752  pixel+=alpha*(*k)*pixels[i];
2753  gamma+=alpha*(*k);
2754  count++;
2755  }
2756  k--;
2757  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
2758  }
2759  if (fabs(pixel-p[center+i]) > MagickEpsilon)
2760  changes[id]++;
2761  gamma=PerceptibleReciprocal(gamma);
2762  if (count != 0)
2763  gamma*=(double) kernel->height/count;
2764  SetPixelChannel(morphology_image,channel,ClampToQuantum(gamma*
2765  pixel),q);
2766  }
2767  p+=GetPixelChannels(image);
2768  q+=GetPixelChannels(morphology_image);
2769  }
2770  if (SyncCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,exception) == MagickFalse)
2771  status=MagickFalse;
2772  if (image->progress_monitor != (MagickProgressMonitor) NULL)
2773  {
2775  proceed;
2776 
2777 #if defined(MAGICKCORE_OPENMP_SUPPORT)
2778  #pragma omp atomic
2779 #endif
2780  progress++;
2781  proceed=SetImageProgress(image,MorphologyTag,progress,image->rows);
2782  if (proceed == MagickFalse)
2783  status=MagickFalse;
2784  }
2785  }
2786  morphology_image->type=image->type;
2787  morphology_view=DestroyCacheView(morphology_view);
2788  image_view=DestroyCacheView(image_view);
2789  for (j=0; j < (ssize_t) GetOpenMPMaximumThreads(); j++)
2790  changed+=changes[j];
2791  changes=(size_t *) RelinquishMagickMemory(changes);
2792  return(status ? (ssize_t) changed : 0);
2793  }
2794  /*
2795  Normal handling of horizontal or rectangular kernels (row by row).
2796  */
2797 #if defined(MAGICKCORE_OPENMP_SUPPORT)
2798  #pragma omp parallel for schedule(static) shared(progress,status) \
2799  magick_number_threads(image,morphology_image,image->rows,1)
2800 #endif
2801  for (y=0; y < (ssize_t) image->rows; y++)
2802  {
2803  const int
2804  id = GetOpenMPThreadId();
2805 
2806  register const Quantum
2807  *magick_restrict p;
2808 
2809  register Quantum
2810  *magick_restrict q;
2811 
2812  register ssize_t
2813  x;
2814 
2815  ssize_t
2816  center;
2817 
2818  if (status == MagickFalse)
2819  continue;
2820  p=GetCacheViewVirtualPixels(image_view,-offset.x,y-offset.y,width,
2821  kernel->height,exception);
2822  q=GetCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,0,y,morphology_image->columns,
2823  1,exception);
2824  if ((p == (const Quantum *) NULL) || (q == (Quantum *) NULL))
2825  {
2826  status=MagickFalse;
2827  continue;
2828  }
2829  center=(ssize_t) (GetPixelChannels(image)*width*offset.y+
2830  GetPixelChannels(image)*offset.x);
2831  for (x=0; x < (ssize_t) image->columns; x++)
2832  {
2833  register ssize_t
2834  i;
2835 
2836  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) GetPixelChannels(image); i++)
2837  {
2838  double
2839  alpha,
2840  gamma,
2841  intensity,
2842  maximum,
2843  minimum,
2844  pixel;
2845 
2846  PixelChannel
2847  channel;
2848 
2849  PixelTrait
2850  morphology_traits,
2851  traits;
2852 
2853  register const MagickRealType
2854  *magick_restrict k;
2855 
2856  register const Quantum
2857  *magick_restrict pixels;
2858 
2859  register ssize_t
2860  u;
2861 
2862  size_t
2863  count;
2864 
2865  ssize_t
2866  v;
2867 
2868  channel=GetPixelChannelChannel(image,i);
2869  traits=GetPixelChannelTraits(image,channel);
2870  morphology_traits=GetPixelChannelTraits(morphology_image,channel);
2871  if ((traits == UndefinedPixelTrait) ||
2872  (morphology_traits == UndefinedPixelTrait))
2873  continue;
2874  if ((traits & CopyPixelTrait) != 0)
2875  {
2876  SetPixelChannel(morphology_image,channel,p[center+i],q);
2877  continue;
2878  }
2879  pixels=p;
2880  maximum=0.0;
2881  minimum=(double) QuantumRange;
2882  switch (method)
2883  {
2884  case ConvolveMorphology:
2885  {
2886  pixel=bias;
2887  break;
2888  }
2889  case DilateMorphology:
2891  {
2892  pixel=0.0;
2893  break;
2894  }
2895  case HitAndMissMorphology:
2896  case ErodeMorphology:
2897  {
2898  pixel=QuantumRange;
2899  break;
2900  }
2901  default:
2902  {
2903  pixel=(double) p[center+i];
2904  break;
2905  }
2906  }
2907  count=0;
2908  gamma=1.0;
2909  switch (method)
2910  {
2911  case ConvolveMorphology:
2912  {
2913  /*
2914  Weighted Average of pixels using reflected kernel
2915 
2916  For correct working of this operation for asymetrical kernels,
2917  the kernel needs to be applied in its reflected form. That is
2918  its values needs to be reversed.
2919 
2920  Correlation is actually the same as this but without reflecting
2921  the kernel, and thus 'lower-level' that Convolution. However as
2922  Convolution is the more common method used, and it does not
2923  really cost us much in terms of processing to use a reflected
2924  kernel, so it is Convolution that is implemented.
2925 
2926  Correlation will have its kernel reflected before calling this
2927  function to do a Convolve.
2928 
2929  For more details of Correlation vs Convolution see
2930  http://www.cs.umd.edu/~djacobs/CMSC426/Convolution.pdf
2931  */
2932  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->height-1]);
2933  if ((morphology_traits & BlendPixelTrait) == 0)
2934  {
2935  /*
2936  No alpha blending.
2937  */
2938  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
2939  {
2940  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
2941  {
2942  if (!IsNaN(*k))
2943  {
2944  pixel+=(*k)*pixels[i];
2945  count++;
2946  }
2947  k--;
2948  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
2949  }
2950  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
2951  }
2952  break;
2953  }
2954  /*
2955  Alpha blending.
2956  */
2957  gamma=0.0;
2958  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
2959  {
2960  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
2961  {
2962  if (!IsNaN(*k))
2963  {
2964  alpha=(double) (QuantumScale*GetPixelAlpha(image,pixels));
2965  pixel+=alpha*(*k)*pixels[i];
2966  gamma+=alpha*(*k);
2967  count++;
2968  }
2969  k--;
2970  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
2971  }
2972  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
2973  }
2974  break;
2975  }
2976  case ErodeMorphology:
2977  {
2978  /*
2979  Minimum value within kernel neighbourhood.
2980 
2981  The kernel is not reflected for this operation. In normal
2982  Greyscale Morphology, the kernel value should be added
2983  to the real value, this is currently not done, due to the
2984  nature of the boolean kernels being used.
2985  */
2986  k=kernel->values;
2987  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
2988  {
2989  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
2990  {
2991  if (!IsNaN(*k) && (*k >= 0.5))
2992  {
2993  if ((double) pixels[i] < pixel)
2994  pixel=(double) pixels[i];
2995  }
2996  k++;
2997  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
2998  }
2999  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3000  }
3001  break;
3002  }
3003  case DilateMorphology:
3004  {
3005  /*
3006  Maximum value within kernel neighbourhood.
3007 
3008  For correct working of this operation for asymetrical kernels,
3009  the kernel needs to be applied in its reflected form. That is
3010  its values needs to be reversed.
3011 
3012  In normal Greyscale Morphology, the kernel value should be
3013  added to the real value, this is currently not done, due to the
3014  nature of the boolean kernels being used.
3015  */
3016  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->height-1]);
3017  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3018  {
3019  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3020  {
3021  if (!IsNaN(*k) && (*k > 0.5))
3022  {
3023  if ((double) pixels[i] > pixel)
3024  pixel=(double) pixels[i];
3025  }
3026  k--;
3027  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3028  }
3029  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3030  }
3031  break;
3032  }
3033  case HitAndMissMorphology:
3034  case ThinningMorphology:
3035  case ThickenMorphology:
3036  {
3037  /*
3038  Minimum of foreground pixel minus maxumum of background pixels.
3039 
3040  The kernel is not reflected for this operation, and consists
3041  of both foreground and background pixel neighbourhoods, 0.0 for
3042  background, and 1.0 for foreground with either Nan or 0.5 values
3043  for don't care.
3044 
3045  This never produces a meaningless negative result. Such results
3046  cause Thinning/Thicken to not work correctly when used against a
3047  greyscale image.
3048  */
3049  k=kernel->values;
3050  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3051  {
3052  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3053  {
3054  if (!IsNaN(*k))
3055  {
3056  if (*k > 0.7)
3057  {
3058  if ((double) pixels[i] < minimum)
3059  minimum=(double) pixels[i];
3060  }
3061  else
3062  if (*k < 0.3)
3063  {
3064  if ((double) pixels[i] > maximum)
3065  maximum=(double) pixels[i];
3066  }
3067  count++;
3068  }
3069  k++;
3070  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3071  }
3072  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3073  }
3074  minimum-=maximum;
3075  if (minimum < 0.0)
3076  minimum=0.0;
3077  pixel=minimum;
3078  if (method == ThinningMorphology)
3079  pixel=(double) p[center+i]-pixel;
3080  else
3081  if (method == ThickenMorphology)
3082  pixel+=(double) p[center+i]+pixel;
3083  break;
3084  }
3086  {
3087  /*
3088  Select pixel with minimum intensity within kernel neighbourhood.
3089 
3090  The kernel is not reflected for this operation.
3091  */
3092  k=kernel->values;
3093  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3094  {
3095  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3096  {
3097  if (!IsNaN(*k) && (*k >= 0.5))
3098  {
3099  intensity=(double) GetPixelIntensity(image,pixels);
3100  if (intensity < minimum)
3101  {
3102  pixel=(double) pixels[i];
3103  minimum=intensity;
3104  }
3105  count++;
3106  }
3107  k++;
3108  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3109  }
3110  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3111  }
3112  break;
3113  }
3115  {
3116  /*
3117  Select pixel with maximum intensity within kernel neighbourhood.
3118 
3119  The kernel is not reflected for this operation.
3120  */
3121  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->height-1]);
3122  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3123  {
3124  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3125  {
3126  if (!IsNaN(*k) && (*k >= 0.5))
3127  {
3128  intensity=(double) GetPixelIntensity(image,pixels);
3129  if (intensity > maximum)
3130  {
3131  pixel=(double) pixels[i];
3132  maximum=intensity;
3133  }
3134  count++;
3135  }
3136  k--;
3137  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3138  }
3139  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3140  }
3141  break;
3142  }
3144  {
3145  /*
3146  Compute th iterative distance from black edge of a white image
3147  shape. Essentually white values are decreased to the smallest
3148  'distance from edge' it can find.
3149 
3150  It works by adding kernel values to the neighbourhood, and and
3151  select the minimum value found. The kernel is rotated before
3152  use, so kernel distances match resulting distances, when a user
3153  provided asymmetric kernel is applied.
3154 
3155  This code is nearly identical to True GrayScale Morphology but
3156  not quite.
3157 
3158  GreyDilate Kernel values added, maximum value found Kernel is
3159  rotated before use.
3160 
3161  GrayErode: Kernel values subtracted and minimum value found No
3162  kernel rotation used.
3163 
3164  Note the the Iterative Distance method is essentially a
3165  GrayErode, but with negative kernel values, and kernel rotation
3166  applied.
3167  */
3168  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->height-1]);
3169  for (v=0; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3170  {
3171  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3172  {
3173  if (!IsNaN(*k))
3174  {
3175  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3176  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3177  count++;
3178  }
3179  k--;
3180  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3181  }
3182  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3183  }
3184  break;
3185  }
3186  case UndefinedMorphology:
3187  default:
3188  break;
3189  }
3190  if (fabs(pixel-p[center+i]) > MagickEpsilon)
3191  changes[id]++;
3192  gamma=PerceptibleReciprocal(gamma);
3193  if (count != 0)
3194  gamma*=(double) kernel->height*kernel->width/count;
3195  SetPixelChannel(morphology_image,channel,ClampToQuantum(gamma*pixel),q);
3196  }
3197  p+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3198  q+=GetPixelChannels(morphology_image);
3199  }
3200  if (SyncCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,exception) == MagickFalse)
3201  status=MagickFalse;
3202  if (image->progress_monitor != (MagickProgressMonitor) NULL)
3203  {
3205  proceed;
3206 
3207 #if defined(MAGICKCORE_OPENMP_SUPPORT)
3208  #pragma omp atomic
3209 #endif
3210  progress++;
3211  proceed=SetImageProgress(image,MorphologyTag,progress,image->rows);
3212  if (proceed == MagickFalse)
3213  status=MagickFalse;
3214  }
3215  }
3216  morphology_view=DestroyCacheView(morphology_view);
3217  image_view=DestroyCacheView(image_view);
3218  for (j=0; j < (ssize_t) GetOpenMPMaximumThreads(); j++)
3219  changed+=changes[j];
3220  changes=(size_t *) RelinquishMagickMemory(changes);
3221  return(status ? (ssize_t) changed : -1);
3222 }
3223 
3224 /*
3225  This is almost identical to the MorphologyPrimative() function above, but
3226  applies the primitive directly to the actual image using two passes, once in
3227  each direction, with the results of the previous (and current) row being
3228  re-used.
3229 
3230  That is after each row is 'Sync'ed' into the image, the next row makes use of
3231  those values as part of the calculation of the next row. It repeats, but
3232  going in the oppisite (bottom-up) direction.
3233 
3234  Because of this 're-use of results' this function can not make use of multi-
3235  threaded, parellel processing.
3236 */
3237 static ssize_t MorphologyPrimitiveDirect(Image *image,
3238  const MorphologyMethod method,const KernelInfo *kernel,
3239  ExceptionInfo *exception)
3240 {
3241  CacheView
3242  *morphology_view,
3243  *image_view;
3244 
3246  status;
3247 
3249  progress;
3250 
3251  OffsetInfo
3252  offset;
3253 
3254  size_t
3255  width,
3256  changed;
3257 
3258  ssize_t
3259  y;
3260 
3261  assert(image != (Image *) NULL);
3262  assert(image->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
3263  assert(kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL);
3264  assert(kernel->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
3265  assert(exception != (ExceptionInfo *) NULL);
3266  assert(exception->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
3267  status=MagickTrue;
3268  changed=0;
3269  progress=0;
3270  switch(method)
3271  {
3272  case DistanceMorphology:
3273  case VoronoiMorphology:
3274  {
3275  /*
3276  Kernel reflected about origin.
3277  */
3278  offset.x=(ssize_t) kernel->width-kernel->x-1;
3279  offset.y=(ssize_t) kernel->height-kernel->y-1;
3280  break;
3281  }
3282  default:
3283  {
3284  offset.x=kernel->x;
3285  offset.y=kernel->y;
3286  break;
3287  }
3288  }
3289  /*
3290  Two views into same image, do not thread.
3291  */
3292  image_view=AcquireVirtualCacheView(image,exception);
3293  morphology_view=AcquireAuthenticCacheView(image,exception);
3294  width=image->columns+kernel->width-1;
3295  for (y=0; y < (ssize_t) image->rows; y++)
3296  {
3297  register const Quantum
3298  *magick_restrict p;
3299 
3300  register Quantum
3301  *magick_restrict q;
3302 
3303  register ssize_t
3304  x;
3305 
3306  /*
3307  Read virtual pixels, and authentic pixels, from the same image! We read
3308  using virtual to get virtual pixel handling, but write back into the same
3309  image.
3310 
3311  Only top half of kernel is processed as we do a single pass downward
3312  through the image iterating the distance function as we go.
3313  */
3314  if (status == MagickFalse)
3315  continue;
3316  p=GetCacheViewVirtualPixels(image_view,-offset.x,y-offset.y,width,(size_t)
3317  offset.y+1,exception);
3318  q=GetCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,0,y,image->columns,1,
3319  exception);
3320  if ((p == (const Quantum *) NULL) || (q == (Quantum *) NULL))
3321  {
3322  status=MagickFalse;
3323  continue;
3324  }
3325  for (x=0; x < (ssize_t) image->columns; x++)
3326  {
3327  register ssize_t
3328  i;
3329 
3330  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) GetPixelChannels(image); i++)
3331  {
3332  double
3333  pixel;
3334 
3335  PixelChannel
3336  channel;
3337 
3338  PixelTrait
3339  traits;
3340 
3341  register const MagickRealType
3342  *magick_restrict k;
3343 
3344  register const Quantum
3345  *magick_restrict pixels;
3346 
3347  register ssize_t
3348  u;
3349 
3350  ssize_t
3351  v;
3352 
3353  channel=GetPixelChannelChannel(image,i);
3354  traits=GetPixelChannelTraits(image,channel);
3355  if (traits == UndefinedPixelTrait)
3356  continue;
3357  if ((traits & CopyPixelTrait) != 0)
3358  continue;
3359  pixels=p;
3360  pixel=(double) QuantumRange;
3361  switch (method)
3362  {
3363  case DistanceMorphology:
3364  {
3365  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->height-1]);
3366  for (v=0; v <= offset.y; v++)
3367  {
3368  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3369  {
3370  if (!IsNaN(*k))
3371  {
3372  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3373  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3374  }
3375  k--;
3376  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3377  }
3378  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3379  }
3380  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*(kernel->y+1)-1]);
3381  pixels=q-offset.x*GetPixelChannels(image);
3382  for (u=0; u < offset.x; u++)
3383  {
3384  if (!IsNaN(*k) && ((x+u-offset.x) >= 0))
3385  {
3386  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3387  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3388  }
3389  k--;
3390  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3391  }
3392  break;
3393  }
3394  case VoronoiMorphology:
3395  {
3396  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->height-1]);
3397  for (v=0; v < offset.y; v++)
3398  {
3399  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3400  {
3401  if (!IsNaN(*k))
3402  {
3403  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3404  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3405  }
3406  k--;
3407  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3408  }
3409  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3410  }
3411  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*(kernel->y+1)-1]);
3412  pixels=q-offset.x*GetPixelChannels(image);
3413  for (u=0; u < offset.x; u++)
3414  {
3415  if (!IsNaN(*k) && ((x+u-offset.x) >= 0))
3416  {
3417  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3418  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3419  }
3420  k--;
3421  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3422  }
3423  break;
3424  }
3425  default:
3426  break;
3427  }
3428  if (fabs(pixel-q[i]) > MagickEpsilon)
3429  changed++;
3430  q[i]=ClampToQuantum(pixel);
3431  }
3432  p+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3433  q+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3434  }
3435  if (SyncCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,exception) == MagickFalse)
3436  status=MagickFalse;
3437  if (image->progress_monitor != (MagickProgressMonitor) NULL)
3438  {
3440  proceed;
3441 
3442 #if defined(MAGICKCORE_OPENMP_SUPPORT)
3443  #pragma omp atomic
3444 #endif
3445  progress++;
3446  proceed=SetImageProgress(image,MorphologyTag,progress,2*image->rows);
3447  if (proceed == MagickFalse)
3448  status=MagickFalse;
3449  }
3450  }
3451  morphology_view=DestroyCacheView(morphology_view);
3452  image_view=DestroyCacheView(image_view);
3453  /*
3454  Do the reverse pass through the image.
3455  */
3456  image_view=AcquireVirtualCacheView(image,exception);
3457  morphology_view=AcquireAuthenticCacheView(image,exception);
3458  for (y=(ssize_t) image->rows-1; y >= 0; y--)
3459  {
3460  register const Quantum
3461  *magick_restrict p;
3462 
3463  register Quantum
3464  *magick_restrict q;
3465 
3466  register ssize_t
3467  x;
3468 
3469  /*
3470  Read virtual pixels, and authentic pixels, from the same image. We
3471  read using virtual to get virtual pixel handling, but write back
3472  into the same image.
3473 
3474  Only the bottom half of the kernel is processed as we up the image.
3475  */
3476  if (status == MagickFalse)
3477  continue;
3478  p=GetCacheViewVirtualPixels(image_view,-offset.x,y,width,(size_t)
3479  kernel->y+1,exception);
3480  q=GetCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,0,y,image->columns,1,
3481  exception);
3482  if ((p == (const Quantum *) NULL) || (q == (Quantum *) NULL))
3483  {
3484  status=MagickFalse;
3485  continue;
3486  }
3487  p+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3488  q+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3489  for (x=(ssize_t) image->columns-1; x >= 0; x--)
3490  {
3491  register ssize_t
3492  i;
3493 
3494  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) GetPixelChannels(image); i++)
3495  {
3496  double
3497  pixel;
3498 
3499  PixelChannel
3500  channel;
3501 
3502  PixelTrait
3503  traits;
3504 
3505  register const MagickRealType
3506  *magick_restrict k;
3507 
3508  register const Quantum
3509  *magick_restrict pixels;
3510 
3511  register ssize_t
3512  u;
3513 
3514  ssize_t
3515  v;
3516 
3517  channel=GetPixelChannelChannel(image,i);
3518  traits=GetPixelChannelTraits(image,channel);
3519  if (traits == UndefinedPixelTrait)
3520  continue;
3521  if ((traits & CopyPixelTrait) != 0)
3522  continue;
3523  pixels=p;
3524  pixel=(double) QuantumRange;
3525  switch (method)
3526  {
3527  case DistanceMorphology:
3528  {
3529  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*(kernel->y+1)-1]);
3530  for (v=offset.y; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3531  {
3532  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3533  {
3534  if (!IsNaN(*k))
3535  {
3536  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3537  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3538  }
3539  k--;
3540  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3541  }
3542  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3543  }
3544  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*kernel->y+kernel->x-1]);
3545  pixels=q;
3546  for (u=offset.x+1; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3547  {
3548  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3549  if (!IsNaN(*k) && ((x+u-offset.x) < (ssize_t) image->columns))
3550  {
3551  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3552  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3553  }
3554  k--;
3555  }
3556  break;
3557  }
3558  case VoronoiMorphology:
3559  {
3560  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*(kernel->y+1)-1]);
3561  for (v=offset.y; v < (ssize_t) kernel->height; v++)
3562  {
3563  for (u=0; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3564  {
3565  if (!IsNaN(*k))
3566  {
3567  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3568  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3569  }
3570  k--;
3571  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3572  }
3573  pixels+=(image->columns-1)*GetPixelChannels(image);
3574  }
3575  k=(&kernel->values[kernel->width*(kernel->y+1)-1]);
3576  pixels=q;
3577  for (u=offset.x+1; u < (ssize_t) kernel->width; u++)
3578  {
3579  pixels+=GetPixelChannels(image);
3580  if (!IsNaN(*k) && ((x+u-offset.x) < (ssize_t) image->columns))
3581  {
3582  if ((pixels[i]+(*k)) < pixel)
3583  pixel=(double) pixels[i]+(*k);
3584  }
3585  k--;
3586  }
3587  break;
3588  }
3589  default:
3590  break;
3591  }
3592  if (fabs(pixel-q[i]) > MagickEpsilon)
3593  changed++;
3594  q[i]=ClampToQuantum(pixel);
3595  }
3596  p-=GetPixelChannels(image);
3597  q-=GetPixelChannels(image);
3598  }
3599  if (SyncCacheViewAuthenticPixels(morphology_view,exception) == MagickFalse)
3600  status=MagickFalse;
3601  if (image->progress_monitor != (MagickProgressMonitor) NULL)
3602  {
3604  proceed;
3605 
3606 #if defined(MAGICKCORE_OPENMP_SUPPORT)
3607  #pragma omp atomic
3608 #endif
3609  progress++;
3610  proceed=SetImageProgress(image,MorphologyTag,progress,2*image->rows);
3611  if (proceed == MagickFalse)
3612  status=MagickFalse;
3613  }
3614  }
3615  morphology_view=DestroyCacheView(morphology_view);
3616  image_view=DestroyCacheView(image_view);
3617  return(status ? (ssize_t) changed : -1);
3618 }
3619 
3620 /*
3621  Apply a Morphology by calling one of the above low level primitive
3622  application functions. This function handles any iteration loops,
3623  composition or re-iteration of results, and compound morphology methods that
3624  is based on multiple low-level (staged) morphology methods.
3625 
3626  Basically this provides the complex glue between the requested morphology
3627  method and raw low-level implementation (above).
3628 */
3630  const MorphologyMethod method, const ssize_t iterations,
3631  const KernelInfo *kernel, const CompositeOperator compose,const double bias,
3632  ExceptionInfo *exception)
3633 {
3635  curr_compose;
3636 
3637  Image
3638  *curr_image, /* Image we are working with or iterating */
3639  *work_image, /* secondary image for primitive iteration */
3640  *save_image, /* saved image - for 'edge' method only */
3641  *rslt_image; /* resultant image - after multi-kernel handling */
3642 
3643  KernelInfo
3644  *reflected_kernel, /* A reflected copy of the kernel (if needed) */
3645  *norm_kernel, /* the current normal un-reflected kernel */
3646  *rflt_kernel, /* the current reflected kernel (if needed) */
3647  *this_kernel; /* the kernel being applied */
3648 
3650  primitive; /* the current morphology primitive being applied */
3651 
3653  rslt_compose; /* multi-kernel compose method for results to use */
3654 
3656  special, /* do we use a direct modify function? */
3657  verbose; /* verbose output of results */
3658 
3659  size_t
3660  method_loop, /* Loop 1: number of compound method iterations (norm 1) */
3661  method_limit, /* maximum number of compound method iterations */
3662  kernel_number, /* Loop 2: the kernel number being applied */
3663  stage_loop, /* Loop 3: primitive loop for compound morphology */
3664  stage_limit, /* how many primitives are in this compound */
3665  kernel_loop, /* Loop 4: iterate the kernel over image */
3666  kernel_limit, /* number of times to iterate kernel */
3667  count, /* total count of primitive steps applied */
3668  kernel_changed, /* total count of changed using iterated kernel */
3669  method_changed; /* total count of changed over method iteration */
3670 
3671  ssize_t
3672  changed; /* number pixels changed by last primitive operation */
3673 
3674  char
3675  v_info[MagickPathExtent];
3676 
3677  assert(image != (Image *) NULL);
3678  assert(image->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
3679  assert(kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL);
3680  assert(kernel->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
3681  assert(exception != (ExceptionInfo *) NULL);
3682  assert(exception->signature == MagickCoreSignature);
3683 
3684  count = 0; /* number of low-level morphology primitives performed */
3685  if ( iterations == 0 )
3686  return((Image *) NULL); /* null operation - nothing to do! */
3687 
3688  kernel_limit = (size_t) iterations;
3689  if ( iterations < 0 ) /* negative interations = infinite (well alomst) */
3690  kernel_limit = image->columns>image->rows ? image->columns : image->rows;
3691 
3692  verbose = IsStringTrue(GetImageArtifact(image,"debug"));
3693 
3694  /* initialise for cleanup */
3695  curr_image = (Image *) image;
3696  curr_compose = image->compose;
3697  (void) curr_compose;
3698  work_image = save_image = rslt_image = (Image *) NULL;
3699  reflected_kernel = (KernelInfo *) NULL;
3700 
3701  /* Initialize specific methods
3702  * + which loop should use the given iteratations
3703  * + how many primitives make up the compound morphology
3704  * + multi-kernel compose method to use (by default)
3705  */
3706  method_limit = 1; /* just do method once, unless otherwise set */
3707  stage_limit = 1; /* assume method is not a compound */
3708  special = MagickFalse; /* assume it is NOT a direct modify primitive */
3709  rslt_compose = compose; /* and we are composing multi-kernels as given */
3710  switch( method ) {
3711  case SmoothMorphology: /* 4 primitive compound morphology */
3712  stage_limit = 4;
3713  break;
3714  case OpenMorphology: /* 2 primitive compound morphology */
3716  case TopHatMorphology:
3717  case CloseMorphology:
3719  case BottomHatMorphology:
3720  case EdgeMorphology:
3721  stage_limit = 2;
3722  break;
3723  case HitAndMissMorphology:
3724  rslt_compose = LightenCompositeOp; /* Union of multi-kernel results */
3725  /* FALL THUR */
3726  case ThinningMorphology:
3727  case ThickenMorphology:
3728  method_limit = kernel_limit; /* iterate the whole method */
3729  kernel_limit = 1; /* do not do kernel iteration */
3730  break;
3731  case DistanceMorphology:
3732  case VoronoiMorphology:
3733  special = MagickTrue; /* use special direct primative */
3734  break;
3735  default:
3736  break;
3737  }
3738 
3739  /* Apply special methods with special requirments
3740  ** For example, single run only, or post-processing requirements
3741  */
3742  if ( special != MagickFalse )
3743  {
3744  rslt_image=CloneImage(image,0,0,MagickTrue,exception);
3745  if (rslt_image == (Image *) NULL)
3746  goto error_cleanup;
3747  if (SetImageStorageClass(rslt_image,DirectClass,exception) == MagickFalse)
3748  goto error_cleanup;
3749 
3750  changed=MorphologyPrimitiveDirect(rslt_image,method,kernel,exception);
3751 
3752  if (verbose != MagickFalse)
3753  (void) (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr,
3754  "%s:%.20g.%.20g #%.20g => Changed %.20g\n",
3756  1.0,0.0,1.0, (double) changed);
3757 
3758  if ( changed < 0 )
3759  goto error_cleanup;
3760 
3761  if ( method == VoronoiMorphology ) {
3762  /* Preserve the alpha channel of input image - but turned it off */
3763  (void) SetImageAlphaChannel(rslt_image, DeactivateAlphaChannel,
3764  exception);
3765  (void) CompositeImage(rslt_image,image,CopyAlphaCompositeOp,
3766  MagickTrue,0,0,exception);
3767  (void) SetImageAlphaChannel(rslt_image, DeactivateAlphaChannel,
3768  exception);
3769  }
3770  goto exit_cleanup;
3771  }
3772 
3773  /* Handle user (caller) specified multi-kernel composition method */
3774  if ( compose != UndefinedCompositeOp )
3775  rslt_compose = compose; /* override default composition for method */
3776  if ( rslt_compose == UndefinedCompositeOp )
3777  rslt_compose = NoCompositeOp; /* still not defined! Then re-iterate */
3778 
3779  /* Some methods require a reflected kernel to use with primitives.
3780  * Create the reflected kernel for those methods. */
3781  switch ( method ) {
3782  case CorrelateMorphology:
3783  case CloseMorphology:
3785  case BottomHatMorphology:
3786  case SmoothMorphology:
3787  reflected_kernel = CloneKernelInfo(kernel);
3788  if (reflected_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
3789  goto error_cleanup;
3790  RotateKernelInfo(reflected_kernel,180);
3791  break;
3792  default:
3793  break;
3794  }
3795 
3796  /* Loops around more primitive morpholgy methods
3797  ** erose, dilate, open, close, smooth, edge, etc...
3798  */
3799  /* Loop 1: iterate the compound method */
3800  method_loop = 0;
3801  method_changed = 1;
3802  while ( method_loop < method_limit && method_changed > 0 ) {
3803  method_loop++;
3804  method_changed = 0;
3805 
3806  /* Loop 2: iterate over each kernel in a multi-kernel list */
3807  norm_kernel = (KernelInfo *) kernel;
3808  this_kernel = (KernelInfo *) kernel;
3809  rflt_kernel = reflected_kernel;
3810 
3811  kernel_number = 0;
3812  while ( norm_kernel != NULL ) {
3813 
3814  /* Loop 3: Compound Morphology Staging - Select Primative to apply */
3815  stage_loop = 0; /* the compound morphology stage number */
3816  while ( stage_loop < stage_limit ) {
3817  stage_loop++; /* The stage of the compound morphology */
3818 
3819  /* Select primitive morphology for this stage of compound method */
3820  this_kernel = norm_kernel; /* default use unreflected kernel */
3821  primitive = method; /* Assume method is a primitive */
3822  switch( method ) {
3823  case ErodeMorphology: /* just erode */
3824  case EdgeInMorphology: /* erode and image difference */
3825  primitive = ErodeMorphology;
3826  break;
3827  case DilateMorphology: /* just dilate */
3828  case EdgeOutMorphology: /* dilate and image difference */
3829  primitive = DilateMorphology;
3830  break;
3831  case OpenMorphology: /* erode then dialate */
3832  case TopHatMorphology: /* open and image difference */
3833  primitive = ErodeMorphology;
3834  if ( stage_loop == 2 )
3835  primitive = DilateMorphology;
3836  break;
3838  primitive = ErodeIntensityMorphology;
3839  if ( stage_loop == 2 )
3840  primitive = DilateIntensityMorphology;
3841  break;
3842  case CloseMorphology: /* dilate, then erode */
3843  case BottomHatMorphology: /* close and image difference */
3844  this_kernel = rflt_kernel; /* use the reflected kernel */
3845  primitive = DilateMorphology;
3846  if ( stage_loop == 2 )
3847  primitive = ErodeMorphology;
3848  break;
3850  this_kernel = rflt_kernel; /* use the reflected kernel */
3851  primitive = DilateIntensityMorphology;
3852  if ( stage_loop == 2 )
3853  primitive = ErodeIntensityMorphology;
3854  break;
3855  case SmoothMorphology: /* open, close */
3856  switch ( stage_loop ) {
3857  case 1: /* start an open method, which starts with Erode */
3858  primitive = ErodeMorphology;
3859  break;
3860  case 2: /* now Dilate the Erode */
3861  primitive = DilateMorphology;
3862  break;
3863  case 3: /* Reflect kernel a close */
3864  this_kernel = rflt_kernel; /* use the reflected kernel */
3865  primitive = DilateMorphology;
3866  break;
3867  case 4: /* Finish the Close */
3868  this_kernel = rflt_kernel; /* use the reflected kernel */
3869  primitive = ErodeMorphology;
3870  break;
3871  }
3872  break;
3873  case EdgeMorphology: /* dilate and erode difference */
3874  primitive = DilateMorphology;
3875  if ( stage_loop == 2 ) {
3876  save_image = curr_image; /* save the image difference */
3877  curr_image = (Image *) image;
3878  primitive = ErodeMorphology;
3879  }
3880  break;
3881  case CorrelateMorphology:
3882  /* A Correlation is a Convolution with a reflected kernel.
3883  ** However a Convolution is a weighted sum using a reflected
3884  ** kernel. It may seem stange to convert a Correlation into a
3885  ** Convolution as the Correlation is the simplier method, but
3886  ** Convolution is much more commonly used, and it makes sense to
3887  ** implement it directly so as to avoid the need to duplicate the
3888  ** kernel when it is not required (which is typically the
3889  ** default).
3890  */
3891  this_kernel = rflt_kernel; /* use the reflected kernel */
3892  primitive = ConvolveMorphology;
3893  break;
3894  default:
3895  break;
3896  }
3897  assert( this_kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL );
3898 
3899  /* Extra information for debugging compound operations */
3900  if (verbose != MagickFalse) {
3901  if ( stage_limit > 1 )
3902  (void) FormatLocaleString(v_info,MagickPathExtent,"%s:%.20g.%.20g -> ",
3904  method_loop,(double) stage_loop);
3905  else if ( primitive != method )
3906  (void) FormatLocaleString(v_info, MagickPathExtent, "%s:%.20g -> ",
3908  method_loop);
3909  else
3910  v_info[0] = '\0';
3911  }
3912 
3913  /* Loop 4: Iterate the kernel with primitive */
3914  kernel_loop = 0;
3915  kernel_changed = 0;
3916  changed = 1;
3917  while ( kernel_loop < kernel_limit && changed > 0 ) {
3918  kernel_loop++; /* the iteration of this kernel */
3919 
3920  /* Create a clone as the destination image, if not yet defined */
3921  if ( work_image == (Image *) NULL )
3922  {
3923  work_image=CloneImage(image,0,0,MagickTrue,exception);
3924  if (work_image == (Image *) NULL)
3925  goto error_cleanup;
3926  if (SetImageStorageClass(work_image,DirectClass,exception) == MagickFalse)
3927  goto error_cleanup;
3928  }
3929 
3930  /* APPLY THE MORPHOLOGICAL PRIMITIVE (curr -> work) */
3931  count++;
3932  changed = MorphologyPrimitive(curr_image, work_image, primitive,
3933  this_kernel, bias, exception);
3934  if (verbose != MagickFalse) {
3935  if ( kernel_loop > 1 )
3936  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "\n"); /* add end-of-line from previous */
3937  (void) (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr,
3938  "%s%s%s:%.20g.%.20g #%.20g => Changed %.20g",
3940  primitive),(this_kernel == rflt_kernel ) ? "*" : "",
3941  (double) (method_loop+kernel_loop-1),(double) kernel_number,
3942  (double) count,(double) changed);
3943  }
3944  if ( changed < 0 )
3945  goto error_cleanup;
3946  kernel_changed += changed;
3947  method_changed += changed;
3948 
3949  /* prepare next loop */
3950  { Image *tmp = work_image; /* swap images for iteration */
3951  work_image = curr_image;
3952  curr_image = tmp;
3953  }
3954  if ( work_image == image )
3955  work_image = (Image *) NULL; /* replace input 'image' */
3956 
3957  } /* End Loop 4: Iterate the kernel with primitive */
3958 
3959  if (verbose != MagickFalse && kernel_changed != (size_t)changed)
3960  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " Total %.20g",(double) kernel_changed);
3961  if (verbose != MagickFalse && stage_loop < stage_limit)
3962  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "\n"); /* add end-of-line before looping */
3963 
3964 #if 0
3965  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "--E-- image=0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)image);
3966  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " curr =0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)curr_image);
3967  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " work =0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)work_image);
3968  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " save =0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)save_image);
3969  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " union=0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)rslt_image);
3970 #endif
3971 
3972  } /* End Loop 3: Primative (staging) Loop for Coumpound Methods */
3973 
3974  /* Final Post-processing for some Compound Methods
3975  **
3976  ** The removal of any 'Sync' channel flag in the Image Compositon
3977  ** below ensures the methematical compose method is applied in a
3978  ** purely mathematical way, and only to the selected channels.
3979  ** Turn off SVG composition 'alpha blending'.
3980  */
3981  switch( method ) {
3982  case EdgeOutMorphology:
3983  case EdgeInMorphology:
3984  case TopHatMorphology:
3985  case BottomHatMorphology:
3986  if (verbose != MagickFalse)
3987  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr,
3988  "\n%s: Difference with original image",CommandOptionToMnemonic(
3989  MagickMorphologyOptions, method) );
3990  (void) CompositeImage(curr_image,image,DifferenceCompositeOp,
3991  MagickTrue,0,0,exception);
3992  break;
3993  case EdgeMorphology:
3994  if (verbose != MagickFalse)
3995  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr,
3996  "\n%s: Difference of Dilate and Erode",CommandOptionToMnemonic(
3997  MagickMorphologyOptions, method) );
3998  (void) CompositeImage(curr_image,save_image,DifferenceCompositeOp,
3999  MagickTrue,0,0,exception);
4000  save_image = DestroyImage(save_image); /* finished with save image */
4001  break;
4002  default:
4003  break;
4004  }
4005 
4006  /* multi-kernel handling: re-iterate, or compose results */
4007  if ( kernel->next == (KernelInfo *) NULL )
4008  rslt_image = curr_image; /* just return the resulting image */
4009  else if ( rslt_compose == NoCompositeOp )
4010  { if (verbose != MagickFalse) {
4011  if ( this_kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL )
4012  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (re-iterate)");
4013  else
4014  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (done)");
4015  }
4016  rslt_image = curr_image; /* return result, and re-iterate */
4017  }
4018  else if ( rslt_image == (Image *) NULL)
4019  { if (verbose != MagickFalse)
4020  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (save for compose)");
4021  rslt_image = curr_image;
4022  curr_image = (Image *) image; /* continue with original image */
4023  }
4024  else
4025  { /* Add the new 'current' result to the composition
4026  **
4027  ** The removal of any 'Sync' channel flag in the Image Compositon
4028  ** below ensures the methematical compose method is applied in a
4029  ** purely mathematical way, and only to the selected channels.
4030  ** IE: Turn off SVG composition 'alpha blending'.
4031  */
4032  if (verbose != MagickFalse)
4033  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (compose \"%s\")",
4035  (void) CompositeImage(rslt_image,curr_image,rslt_compose,MagickTrue,
4036  0,0,exception);
4037  curr_image = DestroyImage(curr_image);
4038  curr_image = (Image *) image; /* continue with original image */
4039  }
4040  if (verbose != MagickFalse)
4041  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "\n");
4042 
4043  /* loop to the next kernel in a multi-kernel list */
4044  norm_kernel = norm_kernel->next;
4045  if ( rflt_kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL )
4046  rflt_kernel = rflt_kernel->next;
4047  kernel_number++;
4048  } /* End Loop 2: Loop over each kernel */
4049 
4050  } /* End Loop 1: compound method interation */
4051 
4052  goto exit_cleanup;
4053 
4054  /* Yes goto's are bad, but it makes cleanup lot more efficient */
4055 error_cleanup:
4056  if ( curr_image == rslt_image )
4057  curr_image = (Image *) NULL;
4058  if ( rslt_image != (Image *) NULL )
4059  rslt_image = DestroyImage(rslt_image);
4060 exit_cleanup:
4061  if ( curr_image == rslt_image || curr_image == image )
4062  curr_image = (Image *) NULL;
4063  if ( curr_image != (Image *) NULL )
4064  curr_image = DestroyImage(curr_image);
4065  if ( work_image != (Image *) NULL )
4066  work_image = DestroyImage(work_image);
4067  if ( save_image != (Image *) NULL )
4068  save_image = DestroyImage(save_image);
4069  if ( reflected_kernel != (KernelInfo *) NULL )
4070  reflected_kernel = DestroyKernelInfo(reflected_kernel);
4071  return(rslt_image);
4072 }
4073 
4074 
4075 /*
4076 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4077 % %
4078 % %
4079 % %
4080 % M o r p h o l o g y I m a g e %
4081 % %
4082 % %
4083 % %
4084 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4085 %
4086 % MorphologyImage() applies a user supplied kernel to the image according to
4087 % the given mophology method.
4088 %
4089 % This function applies any and all user defined settings before calling
4090 % the above internal function MorphologyApply().
4091 %
4092 % User defined settings include...
4093 % * Output Bias for Convolution and correlation ("-define convolve:bias=??")
4094 % * Kernel Scale/normalize settings ("-define convolve:scale=??")
4095 % This can also includes the addition of a scaled unity kernel.
4096 % * Show Kernel being applied ("-define morphology:showKernel=1")
4097 %
4098 % Other operators that do not want user supplied options interfering,
4099 % especially "convolve:bias" and "morphology:showKernel" should use
4100 % MorphologyApply() directly.
4101 %
4102 % The format of the MorphologyImage method is:
4103 %
4104 % Image *MorphologyImage(const Image *image,MorphologyMethod method,
4105 % const ssize_t iterations,KernelInfo *kernel,ExceptionInfo *exception)
4106 %
4107 % A description of each parameter follows:
4108 %
4109 % o image: the image.
4110 %
4111 % o method: the morphology method to be applied.
4112 %
4113 % o iterations: apply the operation this many times (or no change).
4114 % A value of -1 means loop until no change found.
4115 % How this is applied may depend on the morphology method.
4116 % Typically this is a value of 1.
4117 %
4118 % o kernel: An array of double representing the morphology kernel.
4119 % Warning: kernel may be normalized for the Convolve method.
4120 %
4121 % o exception: return any errors or warnings in this structure.
4122 %
4123 */
4125  const MorphologyMethod method,const ssize_t iterations,
4126  const KernelInfo *kernel,ExceptionInfo *exception)
4127 {
4128  const char
4129  *artifact;
4130 
4132  compose;
4133 
4134  double
4135  bias;
4136 
4137  Image
4138  *morphology_image;
4139 
4140  KernelInfo
4141  *curr_kernel;
4142 
4143  curr_kernel = (KernelInfo *) kernel;
4144  bias=0.0;
4145  compose = UndefinedCompositeOp; /* use default for method */
4146 
4147  /* Apply Convolve/Correlate Normalization and Scaling Factors.
4148  * This is done BEFORE the ShowKernelInfo() function is called so that
4149  * users can see the results of the 'option:convolve:scale' option.
4150  */
4151  if ( method == ConvolveMorphology || method == CorrelateMorphology ) {
4152  /* Get the bias value as it will be needed */
4153  artifact = GetImageArtifact(image,"convolve:bias");
4154  if ( artifact != (const char *) NULL) {
4155  if (IsGeometry(artifact) == MagickFalse)
4156  (void) ThrowMagickException(exception,GetMagickModule(),
4157  OptionWarning,"InvalidSetting","'%s' '%s'",
4158  "convolve:bias",artifact);
4159  else
4160  bias=StringToDoubleInterval(artifact,(double) QuantumRange+1.0);
4161  }
4162 
4163  /* Scale kernel according to user wishes */
4164  artifact = GetImageArtifact(image,"convolve:scale");
4165  if ( artifact != (const char *) NULL ) {
4166  if (IsGeometry(artifact) == MagickFalse)
4167  (void) ThrowMagickException(exception,GetMagickModule(),
4168  OptionWarning,"InvalidSetting","'%s' '%s'",
4169  "convolve:scale",artifact);
4170  else {
4171  if ( curr_kernel == kernel )
4172  curr_kernel = CloneKernelInfo(kernel);
4173  if (curr_kernel == (KernelInfo *) NULL)
4174  return((Image *) NULL);
4175  ScaleGeometryKernelInfo(curr_kernel, artifact);
4176  }
4177  }
4178  }
4179 
4180  /* display the (normalized) kernel via stderr */
4181  artifact=GetImageArtifact(image,"morphology:showKernel");
4182  if (IsStringTrue(artifact) != MagickFalse)
4183  ShowKernelInfo(curr_kernel);
4184 
4185  /* Override the default handling of multi-kernel morphology results
4186  * If 'Undefined' use the default method
4187  * If 'None' (default for 'Convolve') re-iterate previous result
4188  * Otherwise merge resulting images using compose method given.
4189  * Default for 'HitAndMiss' is 'Lighten'.
4190  */
4191  {
4192  ssize_t
4193  parse;
4194 
4195  artifact = GetImageArtifact(image,"morphology:compose");
4196  if ( artifact != (const char *) NULL) {
4198  MagickFalse,artifact);
4199  if ( parse < 0 )
4200  (void) ThrowMagickException(exception,GetMagickModule(),
4201  OptionWarning,"UnrecognizedComposeOperator","'%s' '%s'",
4202  "morphology:compose",artifact);
4203  else
4204  compose=(CompositeOperator)parse;
4205  }
4206  }
4207  /* Apply the Morphology */
4208  morphology_image = MorphologyApply(image,method,iterations,
4209  curr_kernel,compose,bias,exception);
4210 
4211  /* Cleanup and Exit */
4212  if ( curr_kernel != kernel )
4213  curr_kernel=DestroyKernelInfo(curr_kernel);
4214  return(morphology_image);
4215 }
4216 
4217 /*
4218 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4219 % %
4220 % %
4221 % %
4222 + R o t a t e K e r n e l I n f o %
4223 % %
4224 % %
4225 % %
4226 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4227 %
4228 % RotateKernelInfo() rotates the kernel by the angle given.
4229 %
4230 % Currently it is restricted to 90 degree angles, of either 1D kernels
4231 % or square kernels. And 'circular' rotations of 45 degrees for 3x3 kernels.
4232 % It will ignore usless rotations for specific 'named' built-in kernels.
4233 %
4234 % The format of the RotateKernelInfo method is:
4235 %
4236 % void RotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, double angle)
4237 %
4238 % A description of each parameter follows:
4239 %
4240 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
4241 %
4242 % o angle: angle to rotate in degrees
4243 %
4244 % This function is currently internal to this module only, but can be exported
4245 % to other modules if needed.
4246 */
4247 static void RotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, double angle)
4248 {
4249  /* angle the lower kernels first */
4250  if ( kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
4251  RotateKernelInfo(kernel->next, angle);
4252 
4253  /* WARNING: Currently assumes the kernel (rightly) is horizontally symetrical
4254  **
4255  ** TODO: expand beyond simple 90 degree rotates, flips and flops
4256  */
4257 
4258  /* Modulus the angle */
4259  angle = fmod(angle, 360.0);
4260  if ( angle < 0 )
4261  angle += 360.0;
4262 
4263  if ( 337.5 < angle || angle <= 22.5 )
4264  return; /* Near zero angle - no change! - At least not at this time */
4265 
4266  /* Handle special cases */
4267  switch (kernel->type) {
4268  /* These built-in kernels are cylindrical kernels, rotating is useless */
4269  case GaussianKernel:
4270  case DoGKernel:
4271  case LoGKernel:
4272  case DiskKernel:
4273  case PeaksKernel:
4274  case LaplacianKernel:
4275  case ChebyshevKernel:
4276  case ManhattanKernel:
4277  case EuclideanKernel:
4278  return;
4279 
4280  /* These may be rotatable at non-90 angles in the future */
4281  /* but simply rotating them in multiples of 90 degrees is useless */
4282  case SquareKernel:
4283  case DiamondKernel:
4284  case PlusKernel:
4285  case CrossKernel:
4286  return;
4287 
4288  /* These only allows a +/-90 degree rotation (by transpose) */
4289  /* A 180 degree rotation is useless */
4290  case BlurKernel:
4291  if ( 135.0 < angle && angle <= 225.0 )
4292  return;
4293  if ( 225.0 < angle && angle <= 315.0 )
4294  angle -= 180;
4295  break;
4296 
4297  default:
4298  break;
4299  }
4300  /* Attempt rotations by 45 degrees -- 3x3 kernels only */
4301  if ( 22.5 < fmod(angle,90.0) && fmod(angle,90.0) <= 67.5 )
4302  {
4303  if ( kernel->width == 3 && kernel->height == 3 )
4304  { /* Rotate a 3x3 square by 45 degree angle */
4305  double t = kernel->values[0];
4306  kernel->values[0] = kernel->values[3];
4307  kernel->values[3] = kernel->values[6];
4308  kernel->values[6] = kernel->values[7];
4309  kernel->values[7] = kernel->values[8];
4310  kernel->values[8] = kernel->values[5];
4311  kernel->values[5] = kernel->values[2];
4312  kernel->values[2] = kernel->values[1];
4313  kernel->values[1] = t;
4314  /* rotate non-centered origin */
4315  if ( kernel->x != 1 || kernel->y != 1 ) {
4316  ssize_t x,y;
4317  x = (ssize_t) kernel->x-1;
4318  y = (ssize_t) kernel->y-1;
4319  if ( x == y ) x = 0;
4320  else if ( x == 0 ) x = -y;
4321  else if ( x == -y ) y = 0;
4322  else if ( y == 0 ) y = x;
4323  kernel->x = (ssize_t) x+1;
4324  kernel->y = (ssize_t) y+1;
4325  }
4326  angle = fmod(angle+315.0, 360.0); /* angle reduced 45 degrees */
4327  kernel->angle = fmod(kernel->angle+45.0, 360.0);
4328  }
4329  else
4330  perror("Unable to rotate non-3x3 kernel by 45 degrees");
4331  }
4332  if ( 45.0 < fmod(angle, 180.0) && fmod(angle,180.0) <= 135.0 )
4333  {
4334  if ( kernel->width == 1 || kernel->height == 1 )
4335  { /* Do a transpose of a 1 dimensional kernel,
4336  ** which results in a fast 90 degree rotation of some type.
4337  */
4338  ssize_t
4339  t;
4340  t = (ssize_t) kernel->width;
4341  kernel->width = kernel->height;
4342  kernel->height = (size_t) t;
4343  t = kernel->x;
4344  kernel->x = kernel->y;
4345  kernel->y = t;
4346  if ( kernel->width == 1 ) {
4347  angle = fmod(angle+270.0, 360.0); /* angle reduced 90 degrees */
4348  kernel->angle = fmod(kernel->angle+90.0, 360.0);
4349  } else {
4350  angle = fmod(angle+90.0, 360.0); /* angle increased 90 degrees */
4351  kernel->angle = fmod(kernel->angle+270.0, 360.0);
4352  }
4353  }
4354  else if ( kernel->width == kernel->height )
4355  { /* Rotate a square array of values by 90 degrees */
4356  { register ssize_t
4357  i,j,x,y;
4358 
4359  register MagickRealType
4360  *k,t;
4361 
4362  k=kernel->values;
4363  for( i=0, x=(ssize_t) kernel->width-1; i<=x; i++, x--)
4364  for( j=0, y=(ssize_t) kernel->height-1; j<y; j++, y--)
4365  { t = k[i+j*kernel->width];
4366  k[i+j*kernel->width] = k[j+x*kernel->width];
4367  k[j+x*kernel->width] = k[x+y*kernel->width];
4368  k[x+y*kernel->width] = k[y+i*kernel->width];
4369  k[y+i*kernel->width] = t;
4370  }
4371  }
4372  /* rotate the origin - relative to center of array */
4373  { register ssize_t x,y;
4374  x = (ssize_t) (kernel->x*2-kernel->width+1);
4375  y = (ssize_t) (kernel->y*2-kernel->height+1);
4376  kernel->x = (ssize_t) ( -y +(ssize_t) kernel->width-1)/2;
4377  kernel->y = (ssize_t) ( +x +(ssize_t) kernel->height-1)/2;
4378  }
4379  angle = fmod(angle+270.0, 360.0); /* angle reduced 90 degrees */
4380  kernel->angle = fmod(kernel->angle+90.0, 360.0);
4381  }
4382  else
4383  perror("Unable to rotate a non-square, non-linear kernel 90 degrees");
4384  }
4385  if ( 135.0 < angle && angle <= 225.0 )
4386  {
4387  /* For a 180 degree rotation - also know as a reflection
4388  * This is actually a very very common operation!
4389  * Basically all that is needed is a reversal of the kernel data!
4390  * And a reflection of the origon
4391  */
4393  t;
4394 
4395  register MagickRealType
4396  *k;
4397 
4398  ssize_t
4399  i,
4400  j;
4401 
4402  k=kernel->values;
4403  j=(ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height-1);
4404  for (i=0; i < j; i++, j--)
4405  t=k[i], k[i]=k[j], k[j]=t;
4406 
4407  kernel->x = (ssize_t) kernel->width - kernel->x - 1;
4408  kernel->y = (ssize_t) kernel->height - kernel->y - 1;
4409  angle = fmod(angle-180.0, 360.0); /* angle+180 degrees */
4410  kernel->angle = fmod(kernel->angle+180.0, 360.0);
4411  }
4412  /* At this point angle should at least between -45 (315) and +45 degrees
4413  * In the future some form of non-orthogonal angled rotates could be
4414  * performed here, posibily with a linear kernel restriction.
4415  */
4416 
4417  return;
4418 }
4419 
4420 /*
4421 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4422 % %
4423 % %
4424 % %
4425 % S c a l e G e o m e t r y K e r n e l I n f o %
4426 % %
4427 % %
4428 % %
4429 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4430 %
4431 % ScaleGeometryKernelInfo() takes a geometry argument string, typically
4432 % provided as a "-set option:convolve:scale {geometry}" user setting,
4433 % and modifies the kernel according to the parsed arguments of that setting.
4434 %
4435 % The first argument (and any normalization flags) are passed to
4436 % ScaleKernelInfo() to scale/normalize the kernel. The second argument
4437 % is then passed to UnityAddKernelInfo() to add a scled unity kernel
4438 % into the scaled/normalized kernel.
4439 %
4440 % The format of the ScaleGeometryKernelInfo method is:
4441 %
4442 % void ScaleGeometryKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel,
4443 % const double scaling_factor,const MagickStatusType normalize_flags)
4444 %
4445 % A description of each parameter follows:
4446 %
4447 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel to modify
4448 %
4449 % o geometry:
4450 % The geometry string to parse, typically from the user provided
4451 % "-set option:convolve:scale {geometry}" setting.
4452 %
4453 */
4455  const char *geometry)
4456 {
4458  flags;
4459 
4460  GeometryInfo
4461  args;
4462 
4463  SetGeometryInfo(&args);
4464  flags = ParseGeometry(geometry, &args);
4465 
4466 #if 0
4467  /* For Debugging Geometry Input */
4468  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "Geometry = 0x%04X : %lg x %lg %+lg %+lg\n",
4469  flags, args.rho, args.sigma, args.xi, args.psi );
4470 #endif
4471 
4472  if ( (flags & PercentValue) != 0 ) /* Handle Percentage flag*/
4473  args.rho *= 0.01, args.sigma *= 0.01;
4474 
4475  if ( (flags & RhoValue) == 0 ) /* Set Defaults for missing args */
4476  args.rho = 1.0;
4477  if ( (flags & SigmaValue) == 0 )
4478  args.sigma = 0.0;
4479 
4480  /* Scale/Normalize the input kernel */
4481  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel, args.rho, (GeometryFlags) flags);
4482 
4483  /* Add Unity Kernel, for blending with original */
4484  if ( (flags & SigmaValue) != 0 )
4485  UnityAddKernelInfo(kernel, args.sigma);
4486 
4487  return;
4488 }
4489 /*
4490 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4491 % %
4492 % %
4493 % %
4494 % S c a l e K e r n e l I n f o %
4495 % %
4496 % %
4497 % %
4498 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4499 %
4500 % ScaleKernelInfo() scales the given kernel list by the given amount, with or
4501 % without normalization of the sum of the kernel values (as per given flags).
4502 %
4503 % By default (no flags given) the values within the kernel is scaled
4504 % directly using given scaling factor without change.
4505 %
4506 % If either of the two 'normalize_flags' are given the kernel will first be
4507 % normalized and then further scaled by the scaling factor value given.
4508 %
4509 % Kernel normalization ('normalize_flags' given) is designed to ensure that
4510 % any use of the kernel scaling factor with 'Convolve' or 'Correlate'
4511 % morphology methods will fall into -1.0 to +1.0 range. Note that for
4512 % non-HDRI versions of IM this may cause images to have any negative results
4513 % clipped, unless some 'bias' is used.
4514 %
4515 % More specifically. Kernels which only contain positive values (such as a
4516 % 'Gaussian' kernel) will be scaled so that those values sum to +1.0,
4517 % ensuring a 0.0 to +1.0 output range for non-HDRI images.
4518 %
4519 % For Kernels that contain some negative values, (such as 'Sharpen' kernels)
4520 % the kernel will be scaled by the absolute of the sum of kernel values, so
4521 % that it will generally fall within the +/- 1.0 range.
4522 %
4523 % For kernels whose values sum to zero, (such as 'Laplician' kernels) kernel
4524 % will be scaled by just the sum of the postive values, so that its output
4525 % range will again fall into the +/- 1.0 range.
4526 %
4527 % For special kernels designed for locating shapes using 'Correlate', (often
4528 % only containing +1 and -1 values, representing foreground/brackground
4529 % matching) a special normalization method is provided to scale the positive
4530 % values separately to those of the negative values, so the kernel will be
4531 % forced to become a zero-sum kernel better suited to such searches.
4532 %
4533 % WARNING: Correct normalization of the kernel assumes that the '*_range'
4534 % attributes within the kernel structure have been correctly set during the
4535 % kernels creation.
4536 %
4537 % NOTE: The values used for 'normalize_flags' have been selected specifically
4538 % to match the use of geometry options, so that '!' means NormalizeValue, '^'
4539 % means CorrelateNormalizeValue. All other GeometryFlags values are ignored.
4540 %
4541 % The format of the ScaleKernelInfo method is:
4542 %
4543 % void ScaleKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, const double scaling_factor,
4544 % const MagickStatusType normalize_flags )
4545 %
4546 % A description of each parameter follows:
4547 %
4548 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
4549 %
4550 % o scaling_factor:
4551 % multiply all values (after normalization) by this factor if not
4552 % zero. If the kernel is normalized regardless of any flags.
4553 %
4554 % o normalize_flags:
4555 % GeometryFlags defining normalization method to use.
4556 % specifically: NormalizeValue, CorrelateNormalizeValue,
4557 % and/or PercentValue
4558 %
4559 */
4561  const double scaling_factor,const GeometryFlags normalize_flags)
4562 {
4563  register double
4564  pos_scale,
4565  neg_scale;
4566 
4567  register ssize_t
4568  i;
4569 
4570  /* do the other kernels in a multi-kernel list first */
4571  if ( kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
4572  ScaleKernelInfo(kernel->next, scaling_factor, normalize_flags);
4573 
4574  /* Normalization of Kernel */
4575  pos_scale = 1.0;
4576  if ( (normalize_flags&NormalizeValue) != 0 ) {
4577  if ( fabs(kernel->positive_range + kernel->negative_range) >= MagickEpsilon )
4578  /* non-zero-summing kernel (generally positive) */
4579  pos_scale = fabs(kernel->positive_range + kernel->negative_range);
4580  else
4581  /* zero-summing kernel */
4582  pos_scale = kernel->positive_range;
4583  }
4584  /* Force kernel into a normalized zero-summing kernel */
4585  if ( (normalize_flags&CorrelateNormalizeValue) != 0 ) {
4586  pos_scale = ( fabs(kernel->positive_range) >= MagickEpsilon )
4587  ? kernel->positive_range : 1.0;
4588  neg_scale = ( fabs(kernel->negative_range) >= MagickEpsilon )
4589  ? -kernel->negative_range : 1.0;
4590  }
4591  else
4592  neg_scale = pos_scale;
4593 
4594  /* finialize scaling_factor for positive and negative components */
4595  pos_scale = scaling_factor/pos_scale;
4596  neg_scale = scaling_factor/neg_scale;
4597 
4598  for (i=0; i < (ssize_t) (kernel->width*kernel->height); i++)
4599  if (!IsNaN(kernel->values[i]))
4600  kernel->values[i] *= (kernel->values[i] >= 0) ? pos_scale : neg_scale;
4601 
4602  /* convolution output range */
4603  kernel->positive_range *= pos_scale;
4604  kernel->negative_range *= neg_scale;
4605  /* maximum and minimum values in kernel */
4606  kernel->maximum *= (kernel->maximum >= 0.0) ? pos_scale : neg_scale;
4607  kernel->minimum *= (kernel->minimum >= 0.0) ? pos_scale : neg_scale;
4608 
4609  /* swap kernel settings if user's scaling factor is negative */
4610  if ( scaling_factor < MagickEpsilon ) {
4611  double t;
4612  t = kernel->positive_range;
4613  kernel->positive_range = kernel->negative_range;
4614  kernel->negative_range = t;
4615  t = kernel->maximum;
4616  kernel->maximum = kernel->minimum;
4617  kernel->minimum = 1;
4618  }
4619 
4620  return;
4621 }
4622 
4623 /*
4624 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4625 % %
4626 % %
4627 % %
4628 % S h o w K e r n e l I n f o %
4629 % %
4630 % %
4631 % %
4632 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4633 %
4634 % ShowKernelInfo() outputs the details of the given kernel defination to
4635 % standard error, generally due to a users 'morphology:showKernel' option
4636 % request.
4637 %
4638 % The format of the ShowKernel method is:
4639 %
4640 % void ShowKernelInfo(const KernelInfo *kernel)
4641 %
4642 % A description of each parameter follows:
4643 %
4644 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
4645 %
4646 */
4648 {
4649  const KernelInfo
4650  *k;
4651 
4652  size_t
4653  c, i, u, v;
4654 
4655  for (c=0, k=kernel; k != (KernelInfo *) NULL; c++, k=k->next ) {
4656 
4657  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "Kernel");
4658  if ( kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL )
4659  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " #%lu", (unsigned long) c );
4660  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " \"%s",
4662  if ( fabs(k->angle) >= MagickEpsilon )
4663  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "@%lg", k->angle);
4664  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "\" of size %lux%lu%+ld%+ld",(unsigned long)
4665  k->width,(unsigned long) k->height,(long) k->x,(long) k->y);
4666  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr,
4667  " with values from %.*lg to %.*lg\n",
4668  GetMagickPrecision(), k->minimum,
4669  GetMagickPrecision(), k->maximum);
4670  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "Forming a output range from %.*lg to %.*lg",
4671  GetMagickPrecision(), k->negative_range,
4672  GetMagickPrecision(), k->positive_range);
4673  if ( fabs(k->positive_range+k->negative_range) < MagickEpsilon )
4674  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (Zero-Summing)\n");
4675  else if ( fabs(k->positive_range+k->negative_range-1.0) < MagickEpsilon )
4676  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (Normalized)\n");
4677  else
4678  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, " (Sum %.*lg)\n",
4679  GetMagickPrecision(), k->positive_range+k->negative_range);
4680  for (i=v=0; v < k->height; v++) {
4681  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr, "%2lu:", (unsigned long) v );
4682  for (u=0; u < k->width; u++, i++)
4683  if (IsNaN(k->values[i]))
4684  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr," %*s", GetMagickPrecision()+3, "nan");
4685  else
4686  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr," %*.*lg", GetMagickPrecision()+3,
4687  GetMagickPrecision(), (double) k->values[i]);
4688  (void) FormatLocaleFile(stderr,"\n");
4689  }
4690  }
4691 }
4692 
4693 /*
4694 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4695 % %
4696 % %
4697 % %
4698 % U n i t y A d d K e r n a l I n f o %
4699 % %
4700 % %
4701 % %
4702 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4703 %
4704 % UnityAddKernelInfo() Adds a given amount of the 'Unity' Convolution Kernel
4705 % to the given pre-scaled and normalized Kernel. This in effect adds that
4706 % amount of the original image into the resulting convolution kernel. This
4707 % value is usually provided by the user as a percentage value in the
4708 % 'convolve:scale' setting.
4709 %
4710 % The resulting effect is to convert the defined kernels into blended
4711 % soft-blurs, unsharp kernels or into sharpening kernels.
4712 %
4713 % The format of the UnityAdditionKernelInfo method is:
4714 %
4715 % void UnityAdditionKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, const double scale )
4716 %
4717 % A description of each parameter follows:
4718 %
4719 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
4720 %
4721 % o scale:
4722 % scaling factor for the unity kernel to be added to
4723 % the given kernel.
4724 %
4725 */
4727  const double scale)
4728 {
4729  /* do the other kernels in a multi-kernel list first */
4730  if ( kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
4731  UnityAddKernelInfo(kernel->next, scale);
4732 
4733  /* Add the scaled unity kernel to the existing kernel */
4734  kernel->values[kernel->x+kernel->y*kernel->width] += scale;
4735  CalcKernelMetaData(kernel); /* recalculate the meta-data */
4736 
4737  return;
4738 }
4739 
4740 /*
4741 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4742 % %
4743 % %
4744 % %
4745 % Z e r o K e r n e l N a n s %
4746 % %
4747 % %
4748 % %
4749 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
4750 %
4751 % ZeroKernelNans() replaces any special 'nan' value that may be present in
4752 % the kernel with a zero value. This is typically done when the kernel will
4753 % be used in special hardware (GPU) convolution processors, to simply
4754 % matters.
4755 %
4756 % The format of the ZeroKernelNans method is:
4757 %
4758 % void ZeroKernelNans (KernelInfo *kernel)
4759 %
4760 % A description of each parameter follows:
4761 %
4762 % o kernel: the Morphology/Convolution kernel
4763 %
4764 */
4766 {
4767  register size_t
4768  i;
4769 
4770  /* do the other kernels in a multi-kernel list first */
4771  if (kernel->next != (KernelInfo *) NULL)
4772  ZeroKernelNans(kernel->next);
4773 
4774  for (i=0; i < (kernel->width*kernel->height); i++)
4775  if (IsNaN(kernel->values[i]))
4776  kernel->values[i]=0.0;
4777 
4778  return;
4779 }
double psi
Definition: geometry.h:106
struct _KernelInfo * next
Definition: morphology.h:125
size_t rows
Definition: image.h:172
#define magick_restrict
Definition: MagickCore.h:41
MagickDoubleType MagickRealType
Definition: magick-type.h:120
MagickExport CacheView * DestroyCacheView(CacheView *cache_view)
Definition: cache-view.c:252
static void ExpandMirrorKernelInfo(KernelInfo *)
Definition: morphology.c:2328
MagickProgressMonitor progress_monitor
Definition: image.h:303
ImageType type
Definition: image.h:264
static KernelInfo * LastKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel)
Definition: morphology.c:119
static Quantum GetPixelAlpha(const Image *magick_restrict image, const Quantum *magick_restrict pixel)
#define DisableMSCWarning(nr)
Definition: studio.h:351
#define MagickAssumeAligned(address)
ssize_t y
Definition: geometry.h:116
double positive_range
Definition: morphology.h:119
MagickExport ssize_t ParseCommandOption(const CommandOption option, const MagickBooleanType list, const char *options)
Definition: option.c:2967
size_t height
Definition: morphology.h:108
MagickExport KernelInfo * DestroyKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel)
Definition: morphology.c:2268
#define ThrowFatalException(severity, tag)
size_t signature
Definition: exception.h:123
static size_t GetOpenMPMaximumThreads(void)
MagickExport Image * MorphologyImage(const Image *image, const MorphologyMethod method, const ssize_t iterations, const KernelInfo *kernel, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: morphology.c:4124
double rho
Definition: geometry.h:106
MagickExport void SetGeometryInfo(GeometryInfo *geometry_info)
Definition: geometry.c:1720
MagickPrivate void ShowKernelInfo(const KernelInfo *)
double negative_range
Definition: morphology.h:119
static ssize_t MorphologyPrimitive(const Image *image, Image *morphology_image, const MorphologyMethod method, const KernelInfo *kernel, const double bias, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: morphology.c:2562
MagickExport const char * GetImageArtifact(const Image *image, const char *artifact)
Definition: artifact.c:273
static ssize_t MorphologyPrimitiveDirect(Image *image, const MorphologyMethod method, const KernelInfo *kernel, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: morphology.c:3237
#define Minimize(assign, value)
Definition: morphology.c:92
static double StringToDouble(const char *magick_restrict string, char **magick_restrict sentinal)
ssize_t x
Definition: morphology.h:112
static PixelTrait GetPixelChannelTraits(const Image *magick_restrict image, const PixelChannel channel)
#define MagickPI
Definition: image-private.h:30
MagickExport ssize_t FormatLocaleString(char *magick_restrict string, const size_t length, const char *magick_restrict format,...)
Definition: locale.c:499
MagickPrivate size_t GetOptimalKernelWidth1D(const double, const double)
MagickExport const Quantum * GetCacheViewVirtualPixels(const CacheView *cache_view, const ssize_t x, const ssize_t y, const size_t columns, const size_t rows, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: cache-view.c:651
MagickExport void ScaleGeometryKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, const char *geometry)
Definition: morphology.c:4454
size_t signature
Definition: morphology.h:129
MagickExport void ScaleKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, const double scaling_factor, const GeometryFlags normalize_flags)
Definition: morphology.c:4560
#define MagickSQ2
Definition: image-private.h:33
#define MagickEpsilon
Definition: magick-type.h:110
double sigma
Definition: geometry.h:106
MorphologyMethod
Definition: morphology.h:69
static KernelInfo * ParseKernelArray(const char *kernel_string)
Definition: morphology.c:214
MagickExport MagickBooleanType CompositeImage(Image *image, const Image *composite, const CompositeOperator compose, const MagickBooleanType clip_to_self, const ssize_t x_offset, const ssize_t y_offset, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: composite.c:528
#define Maximize(assign, value)
Definition: morphology.c:93
MagickExport char * FileToString(const char *filename, const size_t extent, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: string.c:1000
ssize_t MagickOffsetType
Definition: magick-type.h:129
KernelInfoType type
Definition: morphology.h:105
Definition: image.h:151
double maximum
Definition: morphology.h:119
MagickExport KernelInfo * AcquireKernelInfo(const char *kernel_string, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: morphology.c:486
#define MagickCoreSignature
MagickExport Quantum * GetCacheViewAuthenticPixels(CacheView *cache_view, const ssize_t x, const ssize_t y, const size_t columns, const size_t rows, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: cache-view.c:299
MagickExport KernelInfo * AcquireKernelBuiltIn(const KernelInfoType type, const GeometryInfo *args, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: morphology.c:951
MagickExport MagickBooleanType IsGeometry(const char *geometry)
Definition: geometry.c:610
static KernelInfo * ParseKernelName(const char *kernel_string, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: morphology.c:373
MagickExport ssize_t FormatLocaleFile(FILE *file, const char *magick_restrict format,...)
Definition: locale.c:404
MagickExport MagickBooleanType SetImageAlphaChannel(Image *image, const AlphaChannelOption alpha_type, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: channel.c:974
MagickBooleanType
Definition: magick-type.h:158
unsigned int MagickStatusType
Definition: magick-type.h:121
static double PerceptibleReciprocal(const double x)
MagickExport const char * CommandOptionToMnemonic(const CommandOption option, const ssize_t type)
Definition: option.c:2680
#define Magick2PI
Definition: image-private.h:28
MagickExport void * AcquireQuantumMemory(const size_t count, const size_t quantum)
Definition: memory.c:543
MagickPrivate size_t GetOptimalKernelWidth2D(const double, const double)
Definition: gem.c:1635
static int GetOpenMPThreadId(void)
#define MagickSQ2PI
Definition: image-private.h:34
#define RestoreMSCWarning
Definition: studio.h:352
static size_t fact(size_t n)
Definition: morphology.c:97
#define MagickPathExtent
MagickExport void * RelinquishAlignedMemory(void *memory)
Definition: memory.c:1032
MagickExport MagickBooleanType IsStringTrue(const char *value)
Definition: string.c:1425
static void CalcKernelMetaData(KernelInfo *)
Definition: morphology.c:2481
MagickExport int GetMagickPrecision(void)
Definition: magick.c:886
#define MagickMaximumValue
Definition: magick-type.h:111
double minimum
Definition: morphology.h:119
MagickExport MagickBooleanType ThrowMagickException(ExceptionInfo *exception, const char *module, const char *function, const size_t line, const ExceptionType severity, const char *tag, const char *format,...)
Definition: exception.c:1145
size_t width
Definition: morphology.h:108
size_t signature
Definition: image.h:354
#define QuantumScale
Definition: magick-type.h:115
size_t columns
Definition: image.h:172
double angle
Definition: morphology.h:119
MagickExport MagickBooleanType SetImageStorageClass(Image *image, const ClassType storage_class, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: image.c:2617
PixelChannel
Definition: pixel.h:67
MagickExport void * AcquireAlignedMemory(const size_t count, const size_t quantum)
Definition: memory.c:242
MagickPrivate void ZeroKernelNans(KernelInfo *)
Definition: morphology.c:4765
#define MagickMax(x, y)
Definition: image-private.h:26
GeometryFlags
Definition: geometry.h:25
static size_t GetPixelChannels(const Image *magick_restrict image)
MagickExport int LocaleCompare(const char *p, const char *q)
Definition: locale.c:1435
#define IsNaN(a)
Definition: magick-type.h:181
#define GetMagickModule()
Definition: log.h:28
static Quantum ClampToQuantum(const MagickRealType value)
Definition: quantum.h:84
static PixelChannel GetPixelChannelChannel(const Image *magick_restrict image, const ssize_t offset)
MagickExport CacheView * AcquireVirtualCacheView(const Image *image, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: cache-view.c:149
static void RotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *, double)
Definition: morphology.c:4247
MagickExport void GetNextToken(const char *start, const char **end, const size_t extent, char *token)
Definition: token.c:172
static double StringToDoubleInterval(const char *string, const double interval)
static MagickBooleanType SameKernelInfo(const KernelInfo *kernel1, const KernelInfo *kernel2)
Definition: morphology.c:2392
unsigned short Quantum
Definition: magick-type.h:82
double xi
Definition: geometry.h:106
MagickExport KernelInfo * CloneKernelInfo(const KernelInfo *kernel)
Definition: morphology.c:2213
MagickExport char * DestroyString(char *string)
Definition: string.c:823
MagickExport void * AcquireMagickMemory(const size_t size)
Definition: memory.c:472
MagickExport MagickStatusType ParseGeometry(const char *geometry, GeometryInfo *geometry_info)
Definition: geometry.c:853
static void SetPixelChannel(const Image *magick_restrict image, const PixelChannel channel, const Quantum quantum, Quantum *magick_restrict pixel)
MagickPrivate Image * MorphologyApply(const Image *, const MorphologyMethod, const ssize_t, const KernelInfo *, const CompositeOperator, const double, ExceptionInfo *)
Definition: morphology.c:3629
ssize_t x
Definition: geometry.h:116
MagickExport void * RelinquishMagickMemory(void *memory)
Definition: memory.c:1069
MagickBooleanType(* MagickProgressMonitor)(const char *, const MagickOffsetType, const MagickSizeType, void *)
Definition: monitor.h:26
CompositeOperator compose
Definition: image.h:234
MagickExport void UnityAddKernelInfo(KernelInfo *kernel, const double scale)
Definition: morphology.c:4726
CompositeOperator
Definition: composite.h:25
#define MagickPrivate
KernelInfoType
Definition: morphology.h:27
#define MagickExport
ssize_t y
Definition: morphology.h:112
MagickExport MagickBooleanType SyncCacheViewAuthenticPixels(CacheView *magick_restrict cache_view, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: cache-view.c:1100
MagickExport CacheView * AcquireAuthenticCacheView(const Image *image, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: cache-view.c:112
PixelTrait
Definition: pixel.h:135
MagickExport MagickRealType GetPixelIntensity(const Image *magick_restrict image, const Quantum *magick_restrict pixel)
Definition: pixel.c:2358
static void ExpandRotateKernelInfo(KernelInfo *, const double)
Definition: morphology.c:2420
#define MorphologyTag
#define KernelRank
MagickExport Image * DestroyImage(Image *image)
Definition: image.c:1181
MagickExport Image * CloneImage(const Image *image, const size_t columns, const size_t rows, const MagickBooleanType detach, ExceptionInfo *exception)
Definition: image.c:796
#define QuantumRange
Definition: magick-type.h:83
MagickExport MagickBooleanType SetImageProgress(const Image *image, const char *tag, const MagickOffsetType offset, const MagickSizeType extent)
Definition: monitor.c:136
MagickRealType * values
Definition: morphology.h:116