ImageMagick High Dynamic-range Imaging
High dynamic-range imaging (HDRI) permits a far greater dynamic range of exposures (i.e. a large difference between light and dark areas) than standard digital imaging techniques. HDRI accurately represents the wide range of intensity levels found in real scenes ranging from the brightest direct sunlight to the deepest darkest shadows. The HDR imaging approach includes:
- render/capture floating-point color space
- encompass the entire perceivable gamut (extend values outside [0,1] range)
- post-process in extended color space
- apply tone-mapping for specific display
By default, image pixels in ImageMagick are stored as unsigned values that range from 0 to the quantum depth, which is typically 16-bits (Q16). With HDRI enabled, the pixels are stored in a floating-point representation and can include negative values as well as values that exceed the quantum depth. A majority of digital image formats do not support HDRI, and for those images any pixels outside the quantum range are clamped before they are stored.
The most promising HDR image format is EXR. You must have the OpenEXR delegate library installed to read or write this format. Other HDR formats include TIFF 48-bit integer and 96-bit float formats, HDR, PFM, and ImageMagick's own MIFF format.
To enable the HDRI version of ImageMagick, use this Unix/Linux command:
$ ./configure --enable-hdri
Under Windows, set the
MAGICKCORE_HDRI_SUPPORT definition in the
magick-config.h configuration file and build.
To verify HDRI is properly configured, look for "HDRI" as a feature:
$ identify -versionFeatures: OpenMP HDRI